Applying human rights law to state surveillance

first_imgIn presenting the 13 Principles, Katitza Rodriguez, International Rights Director at theElectronic Frontier Foundation, urged:“member states to assess their national surveillance laws and bring them intocompliance with the 13 benchmarks. We must put an end to unchecked,suspicionless, mass spying online and worldwide. Privacy is a human right, andneeds to be protected as fiercely as all other rights”. News September 23, 2013 – Updated on January 25, 2016 Applying human rights law to state surveillance Matthew Shears, Director for Global Internet Policy and Human Rights with the Center forDemocracy & Technology, said:“We believe these principles outline the essential elements for applying humanrights to communications surveillance and look forward to collaborating with humanrights institutions and human rights advocates to promote these principles globally.” Following the event remotely from South Africa, Anriette Esterhuysen, Executive Directorof the Association for Progressive Communications wrote:”Privacy and security should not be set off against one another. A robust andtrusted internet needs both, and they are mutually reinforcing. The same cannot besaid for privacy and mass surveillance. Mass surveillance undermines privacy inevery possible sense of what the term means: from a human rights perspective andthe perspective of a robust, secure and trusted internet.” Find out more about the Principles at International_ Carly Nyst, [email protected]_ +447788286389Access_ Fabiola Carrion -­ [email protected] Frontier Foundation_ Katitza Rodriguez -­ [email protected] for Progressive Communication_ Shawna Finnegan -­ [email protected]_ Joy Liddicoat -­ [email protected] Rights Watch_ Cynthia Wong -­ [email protected] for Democracy and Technology_ Matthew Shears -­ [email protected] Fabiola Carrion, Policy Counsel at Access, while presenting the Principles, concluded:“In Access -­ an organization that defends and extends the fundamental rights ofdigital users at risk -­ we are extremely concerned with the massive surveillancepractices perpetrated by States, from authoritarian regimes to those withdemocratic institutions. As such, we enthusiastically join this proactive effort to placea framework for States to fulfill their human rights obligations under internationallaw.” Organisation center_img Help by sharing this information Lucie Morillion, Head of Reporters Without Borders Advocacy Department, stressed that:“more efforts must be done to regulate and monitor the export of surveillancetechnologies to countries which utilise them to identify and track down dissidents,human right defenders and journalists, who are disclosing public interestinformation. Without the adoption and implementation of adequate protectionmechanisms of these individuals, the right to information is challenged andinvestigatory journalism is at risk.” Cynthia Wong, Senior Internet Researcher at Human Rights Watch, warned:“Without stronger protections for online privacy, we are quickly headed toward aworld where pervasive surveillance is the norm and privacy disappears the secondwe go online. As mobile and Internet adoption expands globally, every governmentshould ensure people can use these technologies without fear of invasive anddisproportionate intrusions into their private lives.” RSF_en GENEVA, 20 September -­-­ Civil society organisations today called upon the members of the Human Rights Council to assess whether national surveillance laws and activities are in line with their international human rights obligations.The Snowden revelations have confirmed that governments worldwide continue to expand their spying capabilities, at home and abroad. Widespread surveillance is being conducted in violation of individuals’ rights to privacy and free expression, and is seldom regulated by strong legal frameworks that respect human rights.With this in mind, a coalition of civil society organisations today launched the “International Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance,” a set of standards that interpret States’ human rights obligations in light of new technologies and surveillance capabilities. The Principles are endorsed by over 260 civil society organisations around the world, and for the first time set out an evaluative framework for assessing surveillance practices in the context of international human rights law.Civil society organisations presented the Principles during an event on the right to privacy, hosted by the governments of Germany, Norway, Austria, Hungary, Liechtenstein and Switzerland, at the 24th session of the Human Rights Council in Geneva.Navi Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, speaking at the event, said that:“technological advancements have been powerful tools for democracy by giving access to all to participate in society, but increasing use of data mining by intelligence agencies blurs lines between legitimate surveillance and arbitrary mass surveillance.”Acknowledging that States have a legitimate task of protecting national security, the High Commissioner stressed that this must done in compliance with the law and any actionNecessaryandProportionate.orgs must be regulated and monitored by the judiciary.Joining the High Commissioner was Frank La Rue, the UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of opinion and expression, who recently released a report which details the widespread use of state surveillance of communications, stating that such surveillance severely undermines citizens’ ability to enjoy a private life, freely express themselves and enjoy their other fundamental human rights.Speaking at the event, the UN Special Rapporteur remarked that:“previously surveillance was carried out on targeted basis but the Internet has changed the context by providing the possibility for carrying out mass surveillance. This is the danger.”In this new context, Frank La Rue stressed that all restrictions to rights have to be established by law, and implemented by legal institutions as well as supported by independent judicial and parliamentary oversight mechanisms. With the aim of taking the discussion forward and ensuring concrete actions, the Special Rapporteur suggested the organisation of a special session at the Human Right Council on surveillance and the right to privacy, and a preparatory multi-­stakeholder seminar, as well as the appointment of a temporary special expert to lead the initiative.Representatives of Privacy International, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, Access, Human Rights Watch, Reporters Without Borders, Association for Progressive Communications, and the Center for Democracy and Technology all took part in the event.Carly Nyst, Head of International Advocacy at Privacy International, emphasised the fundamental importance of the right to privacy:“State surveillance severely threatens individuals’ rights to privacy, free expressionand free association;; impedes an open and democratic society;; hinders a freepress;; breeds conformity and undermines innovation;; and strikes at the heart ofhuman dignity and autonomy. It must only be conducted in the most exceptionalcircumstances, under the watchful eye of an independent judicial authority andstrong oversight mechanisms.” Principles are launched seeking to update understandings of human rights to reflect modern surveillance technologies and techniques.last_img read more


first_imgThe county of Somerset carries two principal arterial routes – the M5 and the A303. Although these roads do not converge, there is a link from the A303 to the M5 at junction 25, which serves Taunton. In addition, Taunton benefits from being on the main London to Exeter rail route: the fastest journey time is one hour 40 minutes.Major property developments are focused on, or close to, these roads and within Taunton. The towns of Bridgwater and Yeovil have also benefited from being close to arterial routes. Frome, the other major town in the north-east of the county, tends to look towards Bath and Bristol for its core business.Retail Somerset has enjoyed increased activity in the past 12 months. Taunton Town Centre, in particular, has seen good results from its enhancement scheme.Marks & Spencer’s recently established presence has affected trading patterns in the town. There has been more activity in the stretch of East Street surrounding Marks & Spencer and opposite, which has led to a dramatic rise in Zone A rents. Nearly 10 years ago, these peaked at just under £100 before falling to £70-£75. The latest letting at 8 East Street shows a Zone A rent of over £100. It will be interesting to see whether this level is supported by further transactions.Taunton is a town which has grown substantially. This factor, along with the tight geography of the town centre, has led to high Zone A levels. It is expected that they will spill over to secondary areas in due course.OfficesThe office market in most Somerset towns tends to be dominated by professionals. With increased business activity, demand for professionals has risen steadily in the past decade and there is no sign of this halting. Several professional firms have outgrown their premises and others are looking to improve their office working environments. So the search is on for better quality buildings. Developers have found it difficult to bring forward schemes to satisfy this demand, which generally does not provide enough single large enquiries to trigger projects. This pressure will continue and it is likely that demand will lead to a development taking place eventually.Industrial and distribution The south-west is not a region which attracts heavy industry. The manufacturing base consists mainly of large numbers of small businesses, and this is set to continue.The location of Taunton, Bridgwater and Wellington has attracted distribution centres such as Argos, with 27,870 sq m (300,000 sq ft) at Bridgwater and Leo, with 16,720 sq m (180,000 sq ft) at Wellington.Recent schemes in Taunton have attracted motor dealers such as Alpha Romeo/Fiat into a new build property and Toyota and Mercedes into existing buildings. There is a new build for Nissan at Chelston and other dealers are seeking sites.The A303 is often overlooked as a commercial artery but at Wincanton, there is a thriving light industrial base. Further land has been allocated for employment development in the draft local plan. There have been a lot of enquiries about this location and it is likely that development will proceed before too long.The south-west will continue to attract light industry and the professional office base will keep growing. The structure plan is seeking to place 50,000 new homes in Somerset before 2011, and prospects for business and retailing look positive.last_img read more

Former Missouri coach Gary Pinkel being treated for recurrence of cancer

first_imgHe guided Missouri to 10 bowl appearances and his 118-73 record includes the most wins by a Tigers football coach. LSU football program faces ‘ongoing inquiry’ by NCAA “You keep battling it. I’m going to battle it,” Pinkel said. “I’ve got a very positive approach to it, and I’m around a lot of good people that are helping me. There’s a lot of people out there with a lot worse cancers than Gary Pinkel has, and so prayers to all of them.”Pinkel, who also served as head coach at Toledo from 1991-2000, landed with the Tigers in 2001 and remained with the team until he retired from coaching after the 2015 season. Former Missouri football coach Gary Pinkel is being treated for the recurrence of his cancer, he revealed Sunday during an interview on SportsZone.”I’m doing good. I had to get treatment again for the first time in four years. My cancer came out of remission, and so I had treatment last month. I’m doing fine,” Pinkel told KMIZ-TV.center_img “With my type of lymphoma, you’ll never be healed. But that’s kind of why I retired when I did — I just wanted to not go back and regret working 85 hours a week, 35 weeks out of the year when I could be doing other things with my family and my eight grandkids.”Pinkel, 67, was first diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma in May of 2015. He confirmed a year later that the cancer was in remission, but said it now requires more treatment, though he remains optimistic about tackling the disease once and for all. Related News Georgia kicks leading receiver Jeremiah Holloman off team after assault allegationlast_img read more