In my world: cake maker

first_imgAs Carrie, Samantha, Miranda and Charlotte descended on London recently with the arrival of Sex And The City, never did the humble cupcake enjoy such fashion iconic status.Seen as the must-have accessory for birthday parties, ladies’ afternoon tea parties and girlie evenings, the cupcake is enjoying its new-found red carpet status as the Jimmy Choo of the tea set.The cupcake (American term) or fairy cake (British term) was first baked at the turn of the 20th century. The name comes from the measurement of ingredients – equal proportions of 1 cup of butter, sugar, flour and eggs, in a similar way to the pound cake. The cakes are also thought to have been baked in individual tea cups, taking much less time to bake than a traditionally larger cake.Hostess presented the first commercially produced cupcakes in 1919, but it wasn’t until the 1950s that the cupcakes were dressed with frosting, cream cheese and sprinkles. Not to be confused with a muffin, which is usually less sweet, has no frosting and can include savoury varieties, the cupcake has now become the preferred name universally with bakeries such as Magnolia Bakery in New York, the Primrose Bakery, Hummingbird Bakery, Fru Fru and Lola’s Kitchen in London offering a range of flavours, including Red Velvet with whipped vanilla icing; Devil’s Food with mocha, caramel or cream cheese icing and Coconut topped with meringue.It was in Stockholm, surprisingly, that I experienced this cupcake culture. I stopped for coffee and ordered a carrot cupcake with orange cream cheese frosting. The cupcake was presented on a plate, sliced vertically with an over-generous orange cream cheese deposited much like a Mr Whippy ice cream. It made a real sense of occasion – but it was, indeed, very sweet!I don’t make cupcakes per se, but at Little Venice Cake Company we take the cupcake revolution one step further by creating individual cakes fully covered with either chocolate or sugar paste and intricately hand decorated.The Berkeley Hotel in London serves afternoon tea inspired by the current fashions, known as Pret-a-Portea on Paul Smith china. From now until December they are offering a Sex And The City weekend stay that includes access to a complete boxed set of the film’s DVDs with chocolate handbags and iced shoe biscuits, nibbles, and coloured cupcakes.I, for one, will be checking in and indulging in all things sweet.last_img read more

Press release: 10,000 new trees to boost roadside wildlife habitat in the South West

first_imgThe work is taking place at 21 sites in Devon and Cornwall and involves the planting of 10,000 native trees and shrubs to fill or reduce gaps in hedgerow and woodland along the roadside.In total the planting will provide around three extra miles of vegetation and connect over 105 miles of habitat on the verge and land adjacent to the A30 and A38.The scheme is being delivered under Highways England’s national Biodiversity Plan which is being supported by a £30 million national investment programme over the next five years.The plan recognises road verges and associated land can be managed to provide areas of habitat, relatively free from human access, that may be scarce in the surrounding landscape.These road verges can also be used to connect fragmented habitats in the wider landscape, enabling plant and animal populations to move and interact, and so become stronger and more resilient.Ecologist Leonardo Gubert said: Tree and shrub species being planted include oak, maple, holly, willow, honeysuckle and rose at locations between Pocombe Bridge and Pulsack on the A30 and Wrangaton and Bellamarsh on the A38.The programme runs from Monday 5 February until Friday 16 March 2018.The majority of planting will not require any traffic management but a few schemes may require lane closures at times and no delays are anticipated.Highways England has also been undertaking a lowland heathland conservation scheme in Devon and Cornwall and has plans to expand its species rich wildflower meadows in the South West as part of a future improvement programme.The lowland heathland is a priority for nature conservation because it is a rare and threatened habitat which supports a variety of scare birds, animals and plants.There are several areas on the Highways England network in Devon and Cornwall where road verges are either suitable for heathland species or are located adjacent to sites where heathland is present or has been historically recorded.Work has included the planting and management of new heathland areas and aftercare at eight locations covering over 26,000 square metres across the Highways England network. Location sites are along the A30 and A38 including Dartmoor, Bodmin Moor and Goss Moor, and Haldon Hill.General enquiriesMembers of the public should contact the Highways England customer contact centre on 0300 123 5000.Media enquiriesJournalists should contact the Highways England press office on 0844 693 1448 and use the menu to speak to the most appropriate press officer. Highways England is committed to protecting the environment through its biodiversity plan and improving the connectivity of habitats along our roads is one of our top nature conservation priorities. The main aim of this improvement scheme is to reconnect wildlife habitat and ecosystems on a significant scale across our road network in the South West allowing species to move between core areas. The work is expected to have a huge benefit for a wide variety of species of animals including insects, birds, and mammals, such as butterflies, bees, flies and dormice, suitable places to forage, shelter and breed.last_img read more

News story: Robin Walker: Securing the future of MRPQ

first_imgGood morning and thank you for your kind introduction.Represented here today are people from a huge range of sectors – from health professionals to architects, to lawyers, vets and dentists.It’s great to have this opportunity to explain the government’s approach to the negotiations and I look forward to hearing your thoughts on the future partnership.British services and medical professionals have a global reputation for quality.And that global reputation has been made possible, in part, by the freedom you have had to work and practice outside of the UK and attract key talent from the EEA.For many of you, your work takes you right across Europe, and the world — supported by a system that recognises your professional qualifications, whether you earnt them here or elsewhere.You will have seen your own businesses and professions grow and develop thanks to the ability to access professional expertise within the EU, and the ability to provide your own services in another Member State.And I know the same can be said for businesses in the EU.Making sure that you can continue to practice and work across Europe, after we leave the EU, will be an important aspect of the new partnership we want to agree.Because as the Prime Minister has said, whilst we are leaving the European Union, we are not leaving Europe.Our European neighbours will continue to be friends and allies, and our trading partners.Brexit should not be about pulling up the drawbridge. It is about putting our relationship with the European Union on a new footing.The approach we need to take is one that respects the result of the referendum — and reflects the many decades of cooperation between the UK and other European states. Very beautifully illustrated I thought Baroness by your point about cooperation since the war.In the future, UK citizens will still want to work in other EU countries – just as EU citizens will want to do the same here.And that’s something I want to focus on a bit today in my comments.I’m sure many of you are keen to hear more about the government’s approach to the future partnership discussions.But first, I would like to make a few points about the progress of negotiations so far.In March, we agreed the terms of a time limited implementation period with the EU, that will start the day we leave the EU and end in December 2020.During that implementation period though we will no longer be a Member we have agreed that British people will be able to travel and work in the European Union, and European Union citizens vice versa during this period.And businesses will be able to carry on trading on the same terms they do now.Importantly for people and professions represented in this room, we have also agreed that common rules will remain in place — this includes the EU’s existing rules on recognising qualifications.This means that, in practice, professionals will be able to move easily according to their needs between the UK and the EU, and that they will be able to have their professional qualifications recognised.Just as they do now.I’ve heard from many different stakeholders in both public and private sectors how important this is, to give certainty about the arrangements that will apply immediately after our exit.And to make sure that where there may be changes in the future there should only be one set of changes at the end of an implementation period rather than multiple sets of changes.We have also made rapid progress on the details of the Withdrawal Agreement.We have reached agreement on much of the legal text and locked down full chapters on citizens’ rights and the financial settlement.Now, our aim is to finalise the rest of the Withdrawal Agreement by October, and develop the framework for our future partnership.So, the key question is — what does this mean for you?We talked about the importance to citizens and professionals who are already here and operating on the basis of their qualifications. Rightly the Prime Minister has put citizens’ rights as the first priority for negotiations. And that includes rights relating to the recognition of professional qualifications.And this is a commitment that we are delivering.The deal on citizens’ rights secured in the Withdrawal Agreement will give UK and EU nationals living in each other’s jurisdictions much needed certainty. And we have agreed full legal text on this including on residence, pensions, healthcare and social security coordination.As part of this, we have also agreed to continue recognising qualifications for residents and frontier workers if their qualifications have been recognised, or are in the process of being recognised, before the end of the implementation period. So right up until December 2020.This will cover everything recognised under the MRPQ directive, as well as lawyers practising under host title and approved statutory auditors and toxic product handlers.It means that EU professionals in the UK and UK nationals in the EU will have their rights preserved so that they can carry on living their lives broadly as they do now.Now there were some issues that we would have liked to get covered in the Withdrawal Agreement but which the EU determined related to the future relationship, particularly on services and we will return to those issues as we focus on the future partnership.Now, as we look towards the future, we are seeking a bold and ambitious agreement that goes further on services than any of its predecessors or precursors.It is our intention that the future economic partnership includes further provisions for professions such as yours, to continue working and sharing your knowledge with partners in the EU.As the Prime Minister herself has said, UK qualifications are already recognised across the EU, and vice versa. So it would make sense to continue doing so in the future.Encouragingly, this is an objective that is shared by the EU and one that is reflected in their own guidelines for the future relationship, where they refer to “ambitious provisions” for MRPQ.That is not surprising given the benefits that the current system are benefits to UK and EU professionals, public services, and businesses alike.In fact, since 1997, the UK has recognised over 142,000 EU qualifications under the MRPQ Directive. And over 27,000 decisions to recognise UK qualifications have been taken in the EU and its Member States.An ambitious agreement on the mutual recognition of professional qualifications will mean for example, UK architects can continue to design buildings in Paris, or Berlin.That lawyers right across the EU27 can continue advising clients in the UK and that enormous international expertise and value of UK law is available to EU citizens and companies in their international dealings.That Spanish nurses and doctors can continue to care for British patients in our hospitals and our NHS.This next stage of negotiations will also include discussion of topics such as the ability of professionals to provide services on a fly-in fly-out basis.We will be outlining our position for the future economic partnership in the forthcoming White Paper. This will offer detailed, precise and ambitious explanations of the UK’s position on our future relationship with the EU and I would welcome your views from all the professional bodies around this table following its publication next week.Because we want to make sure that the future system for continued mutual recognition works in practice — not just in principle — for both professionals and regulators.Because this is in all of our interests.And I know that you all have valuable networks and connections with business, regulators, professionals, and public services across Europe.Your voices are important in this debate.Just as we listen to British businesses and professional networks, we know the European Commission and its Member States are doing the same.Existing EU arrangements with third countries — for example the EU’s Free Trade Agreement with Canada — don’t go far enough in providing the level of mutual recognition that we believe our professionals need.So we hope that you will use your platforms to engage with your European networks to emphasise that an ambitious agreement, going beyond its precursors on the mutual recognition of professional qualifications, is in everyone’s best interest.In this context I particularly welcome the open letter to the Prime Minister regarding the key asks of the professional and business services sector that was sent yesterday by the PBS Council. And that’s something that closely reflects the discussions I have had with that council in terms of what the sector wants to see.The feedback, engagement and support we are receiving from businesses professionals and regulators and all the bodies represented around this table, is invaluable.Because it is vital that as we negotiate our exit and our new relationship with the European Union, we continue to work together, so that we can reflect your needs, and your interests, at the negotiating table.And ultimately get the right deal for you — which I strongly believe will be the right deal for the country.Thank you.last_img read more

News story: Partner in international quantum research: apply for funding

first_imgQuantum technology is one of the most promising technology industries in the UK, with £235 million committed to its development in the 2018 Autumn Budget. From unhackable networks to cameras that can look around corners, quantum technology could have far-reaching benefits from economic growth to medical applications.The UK National Quantum Technologies Programme led to the creation of 4 quantum technology hubs, connecting 17 universities with 132 companies to convert research funding into prototypes. However, ensuring the UK’s continued success will require improving on products and processes.£1 million is available through Innovate UK to fund international partnerships to develop quantum technology research projects through the EUREKA Network in AI and Quantum, a partnership between 10 funding bodies across the world. Austria Belgium Canada Denmark Israel Spain Switzerland South Korea Turkey Quantum connectionsThe competition aims to support the development of collaborative research and development projects focused on artificial intelligence (AI) or quantum technology and sensing.Projects must involve at least 1 partner from a participating country of the EUREKA Network in AI and Quantum. These are: the competition opens on 10 June 2019. The registration close date is 24 June 2019, and the deadline for both Innovate UK document and EUERKA application submissions is 1 July 2019 organisations of any size may apply, but must partner with at least 1 business from the EUREKA Network in AI and Quantum participating countries up to €400,000 (around £354,000) is available per project an online briefing event will be held on 14 June 2019 where organisations can find out more about the competition and process of applying innovative products technology-based applications and/or technology-based services with high market potential in participating countries Projects can cover any aspect of quantum technology, last up to 3 years, and begin between January 2020 and June 2020.Projects must aim to develop: Find out more about EUREKA funding. Competition information Find out more about this competition and apply.last_img read more

PHOTOS: The Revivalists Blow Roof Off DC’s 9:30 Club, 11/15/2017 & 11/16/2017

first_imgLoad remaining images Photo: Keith Griner Photo: Keith Griner The Revivalists | 9:30 Club | Washington, DC | 11/15 & 16/2017 | Photos: Phierce Photo Last week, The Revivalists were hitting it hard, offering up a fiery two-night stand at Washington, DC’s 9:30 Club. With singer and frontman Dave Shaw leading the way with his soulful vocals and the band’s tight musicality highlighted across both performances, The Revivalists’ back-to-back performances in Washington DC showed the band at its best. You can check out photos from the group’s two-night run at our nation’s capital below, courtesy of Phierce Photo.The Revivalists Perform Two Songs On Jimmy Kimmel Livelast_img

Voodoo Dead, All-Star Grateful Dead Tribute, Announces Colorado Run This Fall

first_imgVoodoo Dead has announced two Colorado shows this fall, which will take place at the Gothic Theatre in Englewood, Colorado, on November 9th and 10th. The lineup, consisting of Steve Kimock, Oteil Burbridge, Jeff Chimenti, Jackie Greene, and John Kimock, honors the music of both New Orleans and the Grateful Dead.Regularly performing over Jazz Fest’s two illustrious weekends, Voodoo Dead has rarely found itself outside of the Big Easy. After standout shows in Washington D.C., New York City, and Ardmore, Pennsylvania, last winter, the band found themselves wowing fans on Jam Cruise 16, with two guest-heavy performances featuring collaborations with Roosevelt Collier, Jen Hartswick, Tom Hamilton, Kat Wright, and others. With an eager fan base across the country, the sought-after supergroup has decided to take their talents out to the Rocky Mountains.With the recent announcement that Dead & Company’s last performance in 2018 will be at LOCKN’ in August, Oteil Burbridge and Jeff Chimenti find themselves with more time on their hands. Hopefully, this is just the beginning of  Voodoo Dead’s touring plans for 2018.Tickets for the Gothic Theater shows go on sale this Friday, July 13th, at 10 a.m. (MT) via AXS ticketing.“Jack Straw”[Video: LiquidSilverStream]last_img read more

Sumner Redstone donates $1 million to Harvard University

first_imgBoston, MA (April 23, 2010) — Harvard University today announced that Sumner M. Redstone has contributed $1 million to be used by Harvard College and Harvard Law School. This contribution by Mr. Redstone, a graduate of both schools, will establish scholarships for 20 Redstone Scholars to attend Harvard College for the 2010–2011 academic year. Additionally, Mr. Redstone’s gift will furnish funding for 10 postgraduate public service fellowships at Harvard Law School.The Sumner M. Redstone Undergraduate Scholarship Fund will provide financial assistance to deserving men and women at Harvard College. The fund will support undergraduates from a broad range of socioeconomic backgrounds who demonstrate a commitment to public service reflecting the civic ideals of President John F. Kennedy.“I am deeply grateful to Mr. Redstone for this generous gift. It will help ensure that Harvard College is accessible to students who hold service to the public good as a fundamental value,” said Michael D. Smith, dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences and John H. Finley Jr. Professor of Engineering and Applied Sciences. “These immediate-use scholarships support the College’s strong commitment to creating a diverse and outstanding undergraduate class each year.”At Harvard Law School, the Redstone Fellowships will support 10 students who wish to pursue postgraduate public service.Martha Minow, dean of the Faculty and Jeremiah Smith Jr. Professor of Law, said, “In the 50 years since John F. Kennedy inspired a generation with his call to service, Sumner Redstone has steadfastly answered that call throughout the course of his extraordinary career and as a visionary leader in our society. Now, with these fellowships, he shares his inspiration by supporting the newest generation of lawyers who wish to make a difference in the lives of their fellow human beings. I am enormously grateful for his vision and leadership. The 10 recipients of his generosity will magnify his contribution many times over, by helping untold numbers of people. As President Kennedy’s brother Robert said, each time a person acts to improve the lot of others, ‘he sends forth a tiny ripple of hope, and crossing each other from a million different centers of energy and daring, those ripples build a current that can sweep down the mightiest walls of oppression and resistance.’”Mr. Redstone said, “As a graduate of both Harvard College and Harvard Law School, I have experienced firsthand the culture of excellence and public service that is a fundamental tradition of these great schools. Harvard’s longstanding commitment to leadership through enlightenment and engagement provides an outstanding foundation for the next generation of leaders for the U.S. and around the world.“As the 50th anniversary of John F. Kennedy’s presidency nears, we reflect on how his influence sparked an era of optimism, activism and national service. I have established these scholarships to help celebrate President Kennedy’s spirit by fostering a focus on education and a renewed commitment to public service. I am honored to have the opportunity to recognize and encourage these admirable young men and women.”The recipients of the scholarships announced today will be chosen based on criteria that include a commitment to public service that reflects President Kennedy’s civic ideals.Mr. Redstone has recently awarded more than $100 million in charitable grants to fund initiatives in the U.S. and abroad. His contributions have funded research and patient care advancements in cancer, burn recovery and mental health at several major non-profit healthcare organizations, and have provided support for groups that care for impoverished children in Southeast Asia.Sumner M. RedstoneMr. Redstone has served as the Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors of Viacom Inc. (NYSE: VIA and VIA.B) since Jan. 1, 2006. He also serves as Executive Chairman of the Board of CBS Corporation. He was Chief Executive Officer of the former Viacom Inc. from 1996 to 2005 and Chairman of the Board of the former Viacom Inc. since 1986. He has also been Chairman of the Board of National Amusements, Inc., Viacom’s controlling stockholder, since 1986, its Chief Executive Officer since 1967 and also served as its President from 1967 through 1999. Mr. Redstone served as the first Chairman of the Board of the National Association of Theatre Owners and is currently a member of its Executive Committee. He has been a frequent lecturer at universities, including Harvard Law School, Boston University Law School and Brandeis University. Mr. Redstone graduated from Harvard University in 1944 and received an LL.B. from Harvard Law School in 1947. Upon graduation, he served as law secretary with the U.S. Court of Appeals and then as a special assistant to the U.S. Attorney General. Mr. Redstone served in the Military Intelligence Division during World War II. While a student at Harvard, he was selected to join a special intelligence group whose mission was to break Japan’s high-level military and diplomatic codes. Mr. Redstone received, among other honors, two commendations from the Military Intelligence Division in recognition of his service, contribution, and devotion to duty, and the Army Commendation Award.last_img read more

Instagram Takeover | Nick Walsh

first_imgThis month’s Instagram Takeover features Georgia-based outdoor adventurer and photographer Nick Walsh, known on Instagram at @_shootnick_. Originally from West Virginia, Nick credits his love of outdoor photography to time spent in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Western North Carolina. When he’s not summiting Appalachian peaks in search of the next best shot, he can be found shredding waves in the Outter Banks.Check out a sampling of Nick’s work below, follow him on Instagram, and get inside his head with our exclusive Q & A located at the bottom of this post.rsz_whenitwaswarm“Last spring up top Grandfather Mountain looking South by Southwest.”Screen Shot 2016-01-18 at 9.12.30 AM“Cold mornings in the high lonesome.”SunriseSiler“Early to rise with Wayah Bald in view courtesy of our campsite on Siler Bald, just South on the AT.”Strawberries“Taking photos in this part of the world almost feels like cheating….Pre-dawn and ready to hit the trail from Nantahala Country near Wayah Bald.”rsz_eon“Looking west after a great day on the trail near Wesser, NC. This day made the ridge lines seem to go on for eternity.. as close to perfection as I can recall.”rsz_dingomohn“Never under estimate the value of a travel partner like this. Best friends aren’t easy to come by and this one and I can always count on each other. Southern AT country.”916055_1705577676344014_1500455701_n“New year’s resolution: more of this. Dex and Tiger high above in 2016.”[divider]More from Nick[/divider]BRO: What is your current home base and where are you from originally?NW: My wife, Caroline, and I live in Buford, GA, but I grew up in Charleston, West Virginia.BRO: Outside of photography, what is your favorite outdoor activity?NW: Surfing. I guess that might be kind of an odd response for a guy from WV with a serious mountain problem, but surfing is and has been a big part of my life for a long time. I love the Outer Banks.BRO: What’s your favorite town in the Blue Ridge Mountains?NW: Black Mountain. The vibe is right and its easy to get lost around there- I dig that.BRO: How did you get into photography?NW: I really got into shooting when I sort of re-discovered the mountains. When I moved back east I had the opportunity to get up in the hills and spend some solid time wandering around and finding places to play. That move definitely inspired me to want to capture my surroundings- kind of as an immersive experiment with my resolve as an outdoorsman.Screen Shot 2016-01-18 at 11.39.29 AMBRO: How long have you been shooting?NW: Right around a year and a half.BRO: If you could only choose one area in this region to hike, explore, and photograph for the rest of your life what would it be?NW: Nantahala National Forest, for sure. It has it all: water, trees, mountains and mellow, little towns. I don’t think I’ve ever seen color like it is there.BRO: One piece of gear (minus your camera) you wouldn’t head into the woods without? NW: Definitely the Leatherman. I haven’t really gone a day without using it. It must be a sign..BRO: Favorite musician from the Southeast/Mid-Atlantic?NW: The Civil Wars. My wife turned me on to them a few years back and their sound resonated deep. Nashville counts, right?last_img read more

Guerrilla Named Peace Agent in Colombia Reveals Graves with Thirty Bodies

first_imgBy Dialogo March 19, 2009 A demobilized guerrilla, whom the Colombian government demanded be released to act ‎as “peace agent,” revealed the location in the center of the country of two mass graves ‎containing 30 bodies of victims of the FARC, a judicial source reported.‎ The two graves were located near the towns of Naranjales and San Juan de las Hermosas, ‎in the central department of Tolima, to which forensic teams will be sent to identify the ‎bodies.‎ The areas where these common graves are located were revealed to a specialized ‎inspector by Olivo Saldaña, a leader of the FARC who refused to return to the guerrillas ‎after his arrest, and who offered to provide information in exchange for his release.‎ The zone is located in a mountain region which is believed to be the refuge of Alfonso ‎Cano, who assumed command last May of the Marxist Revolutionary Armed Forces of ‎Colombia (FARC), according to a source.‎ Saldaña said that “it is impossible to enter by land, because of the strength of Cano’s ring ‎of security in that region,” an anonymous source reported.‎ On March 5th the Colombian government announced the release of Saldaña, whose real ‎name is Raúl Agudelo, and another guerrilla known as “Karina” (Elda Neyis Mosquera), ‎to act as “peace agents,” without specifying their role in this matter.‎ Saldaña, who was in command of the FARC troops for several years in the department of ‎Tolima, is considered a “traitor” by this group.‎last_img read more

Peru In Haiti: Arms For Peace

first_imgBy Dialogo December 23, 2010 Congratulations on the written article, to only add that Peru has always been a country that loves peace and has always demonstrated this in its peace missions participation that have been internationally recognized for its excellent professionalism, high ability and acknowledgement on behalf of its participants. I believe that Peru with the experience gained will continue contributing with global Peace. The article on Juan Sebastian Verastegui Marchena is excellent, the Peruvian forces have always had a outstanding professionalism and efficiency in spite of few economic resources compared to other armed forces in the region; for the experience gained fighting internal subversion they are in line with the UN peacekeeping mission and international security. I had the opportunity to meet Peruvians serving in Haiti; like Minustah, who visited my country which is the Republic that borders Haiti on the same island. I can say without fear of misspeaking that they are a proper military, educated and full of humane values. Its work in our sister Haiti has been excellent and I congratulate the Peruvian Armed Forces for the preparedness of its soldiers. It was from our native island that Francisco Pizarro departed from in his conquest of Peru and we are united by a brotherly bond. I would hope that all of the other countries could count on such an Armed Force as prepared. More than six years have passed since MINUSTAH was established to replace the initial Multinational Interim Force that acted in response to the desperation of a Haiti exhausted by poverty, AIDS, political instability, corruption, and many uncontrollable ills that forced Jean Bertrand Aristide’s resignation from the presidency of the Caribbean nation. Since then, Latin America has done justice to its reputation as a region of peace by keeping the threat of a conventional war at a distance and at the same time, through the political agreement of its governments, contributing to the reconstruction of Haiti as a viable nation. This great challenge tested the capacity of the region’s countries to meet the demands of operations of this kind. South America responded well, with Brazil at the head of the mission, excellently complemented by the participation of Peru, Uruguay, Argentina, and Chile as well. The case of Peru is particularly significant, since it is the country in the region that spends least on arms, and in a true demonstration of its foreign policy, maintains a significant military contingent in Haiti as a message of cooperation and interest in promoting the peace and development of the peoples of the world. The Andean country’s participation in peacekeeping operations dates from 1958 in Lebanon (June to December). Afterward came Iraq (August 1988 – September 1989), Namibia (1989), Western Sahara (September 1991 – October 1992 and then 1998), the Democratic Republic of Congo (2000), Sierra Leone (2000), Eritrea and Ethiopia (2001-2002, 2003), and Cyprus (2003), in addition to innumerable exercises held in the United States, Argentina, and Chile. There are two kinds of peace operations, those known as observer missions and those known as peacekeeping forces. In the latter, Peru has been a pioneer in sending troops to carry out so noble a mission. A clear example of those is found in the fact that already in 1973, the Inca nation sent a numerous group of officers, cadets, non-commissioned officers, and enlisted personnel to the Middle East to form the UN Emergency Force, established by the Security Council during the Arab-Israeli conflict. The Peruvians made up the “Peru Battalion” and were part of the international contingent, which had Peruvian Gen. Gastón Ibáñez O’Brien as its General Commander of the UNEF II Sinai Sector until the middle of 1974. Later, another Peruvian, Gen. Luis Block Urban, would serve as General Commander of the MINURSO peacekeeping forces (referendum in Western Sahara). Starting in the 1970s, more than fourteen peace operations missions have been able to count on Peru’s valuable participation, from that celebrated “Peru Battalion” to the current missions in Liberia, Congo, Sudan, Ivory Coast, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and of course Haiti. Peruvian Women For Peace The efficiency demonstrated by the Peruvian Armed Forces in peace operations has made it possible to detect new needs for support in operations of this kind, such as, for example, the protection of children at risk, of women, and of the most vulnerable. The Peruvian government already has women serving as observers on its different peace missions sent to various parts of the world; nevertheless, deeply identified with the new needs observed in the course of its vast experience with operations of this kind, it has seen fit, starting in 2011, to send mixed military contingents to carry out the peace missions ordered by the international community. Capt. José Luis Delgado, head of peace operations at the Armed Forces Joint Command, estimates that at the end of this year or the beginning of 2011, women from the three branches that make up the Peruvian Armed Forces (Army, Navy, and Air Force) will have completed preparations, adding that the training given to this contingent will guarantee their excellent preparation for taking part in any kind of peace mission ordered by the United Nations. An Ongoing Commitment For more than fifty years, Peru has deeply identified with the UN mission of maintaining international peace and security. Throughout that period, it has deployed its best human and material resources toward obtaining that end, showing itself to be the global entity’s most immediate collaborator in defending the peace and resolving conflicts through peaceful means. As we have already detailed, not even the treacherous attack of Shining Path interrupted Peruvian participation in peace operations, as the country continued sending military observers to Iraq, Namibia, and Western Sahara. Following the defeat of this terrorist group, Peru considered itself ready to increase its participation in peace operations. Two factors were fundamental in this regard: its excellent professional experience and its pacifist vocation. The experience of defeating the world’s third-bloodiest terrorist movement and the impeccable participation of Peru’s Armed Forces in Operation “Chavin de Huantar” justified the prestige of Peruvian arms in the region, and it was necessary to contribute those experiences to the regional community. For their part, Peru’s pacifist vocation, its continuous rejection of the regional arms race, and its demonstrated international solidarity precipitated the government decision to increase the Peruvian presence in peace operations. This excellent decision has enabled its uninterrupted participation in MINUSTAH, to which it recently sent a new detachment of 216 military personnel, who will be stationed in Port-au-Prince. Familiar with the efficiency of the country’s contingents, the UN increased the number of Peruvian military personnel it needs in order to carry out aid work and provide border security in Haiti. For that purpose, the Peruvian Armed Forces maintain military contingents of two hundred men that are sent every six months to the four military bases they operate in Haiti. Three of the four military bases are located on the border with the Dominican Republic, and the fourth is in Port-au-Prince. In all four, the Peruvians carry out security tasks, border control, and highway and lake patrols and support the police in controlling smuggling and migration, in addition to working on social and humanitarian aid projects to improve the Haitian population’s quality of life. Through these effective actions, Peru demonstrates to the international community that the arms that the nation places in the hands of her favored sons and daughters are not only for conflict, but rather, fundamentally, for preserving and keeping peace in the world.last_img read more