Two militants and two soldiers were killed in an early morning operation in north Kashmir’s Bandipora area on Wednesday.A police official said security forces, comprising of army and local police, sealed off Rakh (Paribal), Hajin, around 5 a.m. The operation was launched after “follow up of inputs about the presence of a large group of armed militants in the area.”In the initial exchange of firing, two militants were killed. “However, two soldiers also sustained injuries, who succumbed later [sic],” said the official.Both militants are believed to be associated with the Lashkar-e-Taiba. The search operation is on as the firing from both sides have stopped. “It was an intense operation. Two members of the army’s Air Force Garud were killed,” army spokesperson told The Hindu. On September 27, a BSF jawan, who was home on a leave, was killed by militants in Hajin.
The petition, filed through advocates Amit Kumar andThe petition, filed through advocates Amit Kumar and Anand Ranjan, claimed that existing penal law was not certain as the act of sexual offence which was punishable under section 377 of IPC was non-penal under section 375, if committed by the husband.The petition has said, “the legal issue raised by the petitioner deserves to be settled/determined by this court in the interest of public at large, as the said uncertain/ unsettled position of law has been infringing the respective rights of the husband and wife.”The plea has claimed that the alleged act of husband being penal at one place and non-penal at another in the IPC, has made the penal law inconsistent.The petitioner, who is facing trial for alleged offence of unnatural sex on the complaint by his wife, has said that his prosecution under section 377 IPC was contrary to the existing law as his purported act was protected under section 375 of IPC and the unsettled position of law infringes his rights.In 2013, the man had married the 20-year-old girl who later lodged an FIR against him for alleged offences of rape and unnatural offence.The trial court had discharged him for the alleged offence of rape but he was put on trial on the charge of committing unnatural sex with his wife.The man was granted bail by high court in January 2015. PTI PPS ABA HMP ARC
This engagement forms part of the government’s priority strategy for effective social inclusion to uplift and empower citizens. Homeowners in the Ebony Parkhave finally received the priceless document, after waiting for more than 30-years to formalize their holdings. The recipients were among 110 beneficiaries earmarked to receive titles. The remaining 40 certificates will be issued to the other residents following the completion formalities, inclusive of their signing the documents. Story Highlights As the Ministry of Transport, Works and Housing intensifies its efforts to deliver titles to property holders island-wide, the latest recipients to benefit from this undertaking are homeowners in the Ebony Park Housing Scheme in Clarendon.They have finally received the priceless document, after waiting for more than 30-years to formalize their holdings.Ebony Park was developed in 1979 under the Project Oasis initiative, which targeted the provision of housing solutions, and lands for young farmers, in an effort to boost agricultural production for subsistence and export.The development was financed with funding allocated by the Organization of American States (OAS), and supported with technical assistance provided by the Government of Israel.On October 11, some 70 persons, mostly farmers, publicly expressed their joy when they opened the large brown envelopes they received, containing their titles, which were presented during an official handing over ceremony in the community.The recipients were among 110 beneficiaries earmarked to receive titles. The remaining 40 certificates will be issued to the other residents following the completion formalities, inclusive of their signing the documents.“I am feeling so good. Words cannot explain how I am feeling. I heard about the titles coming through; but seeing the reality this evening, it gives me cold bumps. I just feel in my body, a different feeling,” said farmer, Napthali Morant.Mr. Morant cultivates pumpkins, potatoes, onions, and banana on the farm land he occupies, and used the proceeds from generated from previous harvests to improve his house and finance the education of his four children, Nordia, Marlon, Tashnia, and Melissa. They are now married and are also happy to see their father finally getting his title.Mr. Morant says he is “in no hurry” to use his title for any transaction at this time and just wants to “keep it safe”. “I am already going forward with my crops; so the title will be put up safely while I continue with my crops,” he told JIS News.Another recipient, Michael Plummer,says he began farming in Ebony Vale in 1979, and currently cultivates hot peppers, cassava, pumpkin, and most vegetables. He explains that the community has developed significantly, since its establishment.“When we came here, it was all wood land. (But) a lot of development has taken place since then,” he said, citing construction of the HEART Academy among the examples of infrastructural development taking place.He, too, is elated at receiving his title. “Having your title, now, can assist with our farming. I am presently doing active farming and one of the small farmer’s biggest challenges is finance. So this title can help us in this aspect,” he said.For Elaine Thompson-Ranger, getting her title is “like icing on the cake”, while her friend, Anjella Beezer, could not contain her joy.“This is the greatest achievement I could ever get. There is nothing more important than this. I don’t need anything more; I just want life now, to enjoy what I have,” Mrs. Beezer said.Among the other joyful recipients were two members of the Clarendon Parish Council, Deputy Chairman and Councillor for the York Town Division, Councillor Uphel Purcell, and Councillor Godfrey Knight of the Toll Gate Division. They, too, have resided in the community since its fledgling years.Speaking at the presentation ceremony, Minister without portfolio in the Ministry of Transport, Works and Housing, Hon. Dr. Morais Guy, noted the importance of the titling exercise in renewing social and economic activities, particularly in rural communities. This, he indicated, by the holder using the document as collateral for business transactions or financing their children’s education, among other pursuits.“This is, indeed, a life-changing document, and we are working harder to put more power in the hands of the people. Home ownership is one of the cornerstones of community and family development, and we will continue to work assiduously to advance the welfare of the Jamaican people,” Dr. Guy said.He also informed that the Ministry’s land titling programme will be further accelerated with the aim of bringing joy to an additional estimated 5000 persons by the end of the 2013/14 fiscal year. This engagement forms part of the government’s priority strategy for effective social inclusion to uplift and empower citizens.Earlier this year, while making his contribution to the 2013/14 sectoral debate, Dr. Guy noted the countless financial possibilities which property titles can unlock for the holders, which can yield both local and national economic benefits.This, he pointed out, would yield a rippling effect in spurring economic growth and development, and raising many Jamaicans standard of living.
Kolkata: Mayor Firhad Hakim visited a plot in South Kolkata and supervised its cleaning operation on Thursday morning. The plot is situated at 202/4, Harish Mukherjee Road, close to the house of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee.The plot, surrounded by tall buildings, does not have any access. Residents of the buildings who used to throw garbage on the plot, have converted it into a dumping ground. The accumulated water and garbage are all potential sources for mosquito breeding ground. Also Read – Bengal family worships Muslim girl as Goddess Durga in Kumari PujaBecause of the inaccessibility of the plot, the garbage could not be removed. Hakim advised to take the matter up with the assessment department headed by Deputy Mayor Atin Ghosh to find out ways and means to reach the spot. “I was an MLA from the area. As the plot does not have any access it has been used like a dumping ground by the residents of the surrounding buildings. I will talk to the assessment department to resolve the issue,” he said. Also Read – Bengal civic volunteer dies in road mishap on national highwayHakim added that civic authorities have taken up drives to clean the city very seriously. Because of sustained campaigns by the KMC over the past months, not a single case of dengue has been detected in the areas under its jurisdiction.It may be mentioned that KMC has started the anti-dengue drive from February, when rallies had been taken out in all the 144 wards. The civic authorities have identified 20 areas that are vulnerable to dengue and special drives have been held there. The private laboratories have been asked to conduct Eliza test to detect dengue. The civic authorities have blood collection units in all the wards and specialised dengue detection centres where treatment is given for free. KMC has also decided to award the best Puja committees that will take up drives to make people aware regarding the vector-borne disease.
Kolkata: 17 people have died while around 10,000 people across the state have been affected by dengue, said Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee at the state Assembly on Friday.However, the mortality rate in the state which stands at 0.2 percent, is much lower than the accepted mortality rate standard of 1 percent set by the World Health Organisation in case of patients afflicted with the vector-borne disease. North 24-Parganas, Nadia and Alipurduar are the three districts that have had the maximum number of dengue cases while the other states have had less number of such cases. North 24-Parganas have had 5,479 dengue cases which is more than half of the total number of people suffering from the disease. 13 of the dengue mortality cases have occurred in state hospitals, with 4 in private hospitals. Also Read – Bengal family worships Muslim girl as Goddess Durga in Kumari Puja”We have witnessed a change in the character of the mosquitoes that have been found to be responsible for causing the disease. Aedis Albopictus mosquito bites are resulting in dengue rather than the Aedis Aegypti type that had contributed to dengue last year. These mosquitoes are mainly biting in the open and not within residences. It is often found that patients affected with dengue from this type of mosquito bite are suffering from multi-organ failure,” Banerjee, who also holds the Health portfolio, said in response to a query from Leader of Opposition Abdul Mannan at the state Assembly. Also Read – Bengal civic volunteer dies in road mishap on national highwayBanerjee also attributed dengue cases to people from neighbouring countries like Bangladesh coming to Bengal on a regular basis for work or for availing medical facilities. “Bangladesh has had over 50,000 dengue cases this year with Jessore and Khulna being the worst affected. Both these places share boundaries with North 24-Parganas and Nadia,” she added. Reiterating the series of measures taken up by her department to combat the disease, she maintained that three crore guppy fishes that feast on mosquito larvae have been released into waterbodies and bio larvicide is being spread to destroy such larvae. “The budget to combat dengue has gone up from Rs 240 crore last year to Rs 500 crore this year,” Banerjee said. Chandrima Bhattacharjee, minister of state for Health said that the number of dengue detection centres in the state has gone up from 43 last year to 60, while 1,84,218 patients have had blood tests for dengue detection in comparison to 1,26,404 last year. “The sub-divisional and state general hospitals have been equipped with infrastructure for dengue treatment. The department has ensured that the blood banks do not suffer from dearth of platelet which is the most important component of dengue treatment,” Bhattacharjee said. The Chief Minister has also constituted a high power committee led by Chief Secretary Malay De to monitor the dengue situation in the state. 791 Gram Panchayats and 803 municipal areas have been earmarked as dengue prone and special measures have been undertaken in these areas.
New Delhi: Mar 29 (PTI) Realty major DLF Friday said it has raised Rs 3,173 crore by selling shares to institutional investors through its QIP offer. DLF, the country’s largest real estate firm in market value, would utilise this amount mainly to prepay debt, which stood at around Rs 7,000 crore at the end of December 2018. On Monday, the company had launched its qualified institutional placement (QIP) issue, offering up to 17.3 crore shares to investors. The issue closed Thursday. In a regulatory filing, DLF Friday informed that the Securities Issuance Committee has approved the allotment of 17.3 crore equity shares to eligible qualified institutional buyers at an issue price of Rs 183.40 per share, aggregating to about Rs 3,172.82 crore. Sources on Tuesday had said that DLF’s QIP issue has been oversubscribed by two times, enabling the company to raise around Rs 3,200 crore. Major institutional investors who participated in QIP offer include Oppenheimer, UBS, HSBC, Marshall & Wace, Myriad, Key Square, Goldman Sachs, Indus, Eastbridge, Tata Mutual Fund and HDFC Mutual Fund, sources had said. This is the third major fundraising from DLF. In 2007, DLF raised about Rs 9,200 crore through an initial public offering (IPO). In 2013, the company had raised nearly Rs 1,900 crore through an institutional placement programme. Meanwhile, the committee Friday also approved the conversion of 24.97 crore compulsory convertible debentures (CCDs) issued to promoters entities into equal number of equity shares at Rs 217.25 per share. In December 2017, the company’s board had allotted on preferential basis 37.97 crore CCDs and nearly 13.81 crore warrants to promoters entities against their infusion of funds in DLF. DLF’s group Chief Financial Officer Ashok Tyagi recently said the QIP proceeds and further infusion of Rs 2,500 crore from promoters against the issue of warrants would help the company to significantly reduce its debt. DLF promoters K P Singh and family have already infused Rs 9,000 crore in the company and would pump in Rs 2,250 crore more. In lieu of this fund, DLF had issued CCDs and warrants to the promoters. As infusion of the fund by promoters could have led to an increase in their shareholdings beyond permissible limit of 75 per cent, the company planned QIP to maintain minimum public shareholding of 25 per cent in a listed entity. In August 2017, the promoters had sold the entire 40 per cent stake in rental arm DLF Cyber City Developers Ltd (DCCDL) for Rs 11,900 crore and infused bulk of this amount in the company to cut net debt.
28 April 2009Demographic challenges – including short life expectancy and a shrinking population – must be faced to maintain Russia’s economic and social security, warns a new report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Demographic challenges – including short life expectancy and a shrinking population – must be faced to maintain Russia’s economic and social security, warns a new report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).According to the study, in the coming decades, the nation confronts accelerated population decrease; a dwindling of the working-age population; the general ageing of the population; the drop in number of potential mothers; a large immigrant influx; and a possible rise in emigration rates. “The mortality crisis is one of the clearest manifestations of Russia’s long-term demographic crisis,” the report warned, with the gap between Russia and other developed countries widening since 1964. Further, life expectancy for both sexes was shortest in Russia among 33 European nations, and Russia lags far behind both the United States and Japan.A two-pronged strategy is needed to reverse these trends, the new report said, calling for the promotion of active and healthy lifestyles on the one hand, and the adaptation of social services and institutions to the needs of the ageing population on the other.It also pointed to migration as a possible way to fill gaps and boost the workforce to support economic growth. In the past 16 years, nearly 6 million immigrants have come to Russia, but the study warned that for migration to be a truly effective solution, Russian society must adjust to accept the newcomers.
Former Buckeye Eli Apple selfies with a fan after the Spring Game on April 15. Credit: Alexa Mavrogianis | Photo EditorFormer Ohio State football players were in action in Week 4 of the NFL season. Here are a few of the latest performances from former Buckeyes.Dallas Cowboys running back Ezekiel ElliottDallas Cowboys running back Ezekiel Elliott ran for 116 yards on 29 carries in the Cowboys 35-31 to the Green Bay Packers Sunday afternoon. Elliott started off the game slow, as quarterback Dak Prescott handed the ball off to him 12 times for only 24 yards in the first quarter. However, Elliott managed to break through later in the game, running for over 85 yards in the second half._________________________________________Los Angeles Chargers defensive end Joey BosaLos Angeles Chargers defensive end Joey Bosa was all over the field Sunday, as the Chargers defeated the New York Giants 27-22. Bosa had six tackles, two sacks of quarterback Eli Manning and a tackle for loss. Bosa’s presence was a problem for the Giants all game, and Bosa landed a hit on Manning in the fourth quarter that left the quarterback shaken up.https://twitter.com/DLineVids/status/917092819596013568_________________________________________Washington Redskins wide receiver Terrelle PryorWashington Redskins wide receiver Terrelle Pryor had three catches for 70 yards and a touchdown in a 29-20 loss to the Kansas City Chiefs on Thursday night. He scored a 44-yard touchdown in the first quarter. After the first quarter, Pryor provided little more for the Redskins’ offense, catching only two more passes for 26 yards as the team squandered a 10-0 first quarter lead._________________________________________New York Jets linebacker Darron LeeNew York Jets linebacker Darron Lee had an impressive outing against the Cleveland Browns on Sunday, as the second-year starter had six tackles, including a huge tackle for loss in a close game. The Jets won in overtime, and Lee’s performance improved as the game went on. Lee had a penalty early before leaving the game with an injury. He returned in the second quarter and managed to add four more tackles, including another tackle for loss._________________________________________New York Giants cornerback Eli AppleNew York Giants cornerback Eli Apple started Sunday’s game on the bench. However, he had a solid outing against the Chargers, registering five tackles in the defensive backfield. Overall, Apple had a solid outing in what has been a rough sophomore campaign for the former Buckeye._________________________________________Other notable players:Philadelphia Eagles defensive back Malcolm Jenkins: four tackles, one pass defendedIndianapolis Colts cornerback Malik Hooker: five tackles, one assistedSan Francisco running back Carlos Hyde: eight carries for 11 yards against the San Francisco 49ersPittsburgh Steelers linebacker Ryan Shazier: five tackles, one interception and a pass defended
The men had been convicted of causing unnecessary suffering to their dogsCredit:East Anglia News Service Andrew McInnes, one of the two men who died in the fireCredit:East Anglia News Service The house in Suffolk where the two hoarders diedCredit:East Anglia News Service Mr McInnes, who was wheelchair-bound, and his friend Mr Cooper had refused all offers of help from the authorities and relatives.The inquest at Suffolk Coroner’s Court in Ipswich heard how Mr Cooper was a carer to Mr McInnes even though he was not fit to be.Social services and other agencies tried to intervene, but could not act as Mr McInnes was deemed capable of making his own decisions.The inquest heard neighbour Brenda Durrant had complained to authorities about the state of the house and the flies outside.She said in a statement that a fire was “inevitable” and Neil Ward, a cousin of Mr McInnes, told the inquest that his relative was “very stubborn and independent” and “kept himself to himself”.He said that he had tried to visit, but had not been allowed into the house. Mr Ward said his cousin’s life had fallen apart after his parents had died in quick succession many years ago.He added: “He was seen as just on the limit but able to make responsible decisions himself.” A neighbour said at the time of the blaze: “Andrew grew up in the house with his parents until they died a week apart about 25 years ago. Two hoarders died in a blaze because the clutter in their home forced firefighters to break through a window to reach them and made escaping “almost impossible”, an inquest heard.Andrew McInnes, 60, and William Cooper, 62, died of smoke inhalation when the house went up in flames as a fire spread from a toaster in the kitchen at 1.15am on June 26 last year. An inquest heard how nearly every available space was filled with junk at their three-bedroom terraced house in Lowestoft, Suffolk.The back door was also blocked with a freezer and the front door was deadlocked, meaning firefighters had to break windows to gain access before battling their way through clutter to reach the pair.Assistant coroner Dr Dan Sharpstone said the house had not been cleaned for years and “could only be described as a hovel” and a “health hazard”.An investigation by Suffolk Fire Service found the toaster which started the blaze had been plugged through two overloaded multi-plugs like “a daisy chain”.Other electrical sockets in the house were also overloaded and there were no smoke alarms. Dr Sharpstone said: “Electrical items were covered in grease and slime was lodged into sockets.”The coroner said the pair had “a disregard for electrical safety” and the clutter meant that escaping from the fire would have been “almost impossible”. “The place was fine while his parents were alive, but he just went to pieces within a year of them dying.”Billy moved in as his carer a few years ago. They just had so much stuff piled in every room. It was all down the hallway and up the stairs.”They had passageways to walk down. I think it was a fire waiting to happen. I told them some time ago that if there was a fire, nobody would get out.”I would never go in there, but you could see all the stuff when they opened and closed their front door.”I think Andrew was able to walk around the house. He would go out to the seafront in his wheelchair every morning with Billy pushing him.The neighbour added: “My wife went to the toilet in the night and smelled smoke. Then I saw the reflection of flames and I went downstairs to dial 999.” Dr Sharpstone said involvement by social services had been hampered as Mr McInnes was of “borderline capacity”.He recorded as narrative conclusion at the hearing on Monday, saying: “It is also clear there was evidence of self neglect and hoarding.””My conclusion is that they died as a consequence of smoke inhalation with a background of severe self-neglect and hoarding.” Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. The inquest also heard how Mr McInnes and Mr Cooper had been convicted in March 2012 of causing unnecessary suffering to four dogs by keeping them in a cramped and dirty environment.
La Freebox V6 bientôt présentée par l’opérateur ?Alors que Free a invité les journalistes à un événement à Paris le 14 décembre, les rumeurs vont bon train sur la Toile : serait-il possible que l’opérateur présente sa nouvelle Freebox ?Free voudrait-il créer le “buzz” ? L’opérateur, qui convie la presse à un événement secret le 14 décembre, ne veut rien dire pour le moment. Pas un mot sur l’objet de la conférence de presse. Illiad, sa maison-mère ne souhaite pas s’exprimer, laissant place à la rumeur qui parie sur la présentation de la nouvelle Freebox, version 6, promise depuis des mois par l’opérateur. Si tel était le cas, cela devrait permettre à Free de relancer son recrutement sur le marché du haut débit.Selon PCWorld.fr, l’interface devrait être entièrement remaniée, comme l’ont déjà fait plusieurs concurrents de l’opérateur. Quoi qu’il en soit, Free aurait tout intérêt à offrir les nouveautés technologiques attendues par les utilisateurs, sachant qu’il est le fournisseur d’accès à Internet qui a recruté le moins de nouveaux clients depuis deux trimestres.Le 10 décembre 2010 à 14:51 • Emmanuel Perrin
Catholic School Bans ‘Harry Potter’ Books Because SpellsToy Tuesday: The Best Animal Toys A relatively new YouTube channel, Pop Culture Detective, is, once again, challenging common tropes in science fiction and fantasy. But this time, by presenting a positive example of a new hero that leans on empathy and kindness instead of bravery or aggression to solve problems.Heroes in science fiction and fantasy tend to fall into one broad category. They’re the chosen ones. They’re the big damned heroes that do all the adventuring. Violence is acceptable, often even laudable. In Star Trek, when Kirk has a violent emotional breakdown, that’s framed as a good thing! After all, he’s saving people! He’s making the anger! Moving the fists! Making stuff happen! So good!But what if that happened in real life? What if your boss starts punching you because you’re not doing your work with enough gusto! You’d be thrown. Have a hard time adapting. And why not? That kind of behavior borders on lunacy. And yet it’s a common trait we latch onto in our heroes. And we really shouldn’t.Pop Culture Detective points out that one cinema hero defies a lot of these traits and is better for it, Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them’s Lead: Newt Scamander.Scamander is observant and empathetic. He protects, he guides, and he conserves. He’s everything functional people of society need to be — cooperative, compassionate. Despite that, he struggles to build friendships and connections. That’s a tangible struggle that a lot of us face at one point or another. Not that films have to be realistic, of course, but that it’s worth noting that movies speak to us because they’re relatable.The fantastical universes we fall in love with almost always have an outsider as their star. Often writers lean on these destined or chosen heroes to justify why everyone else would bother to take the time to explain basic concepts to them. Harry Potter needs to learn what magic is and how everything works, so that’s that. This is fine, of course, for a lot of media. And it doesn’t mean that those shows and movies and novels that do use it are bad, just that maybe it’s time for some variety, yeah?In any case, it’s nice to see more male heroes whose compassion is a defining trait. Steven Universe is another example, but beyond that there are precious few. And I think variety in our art is something that hopefully all of us can get behind. I dunno about you, but I really don’t need every story to focus on Brassballs McDestiny. Stay on target
SOUTHWEST MIAMI-DADE, FLA. (WSVN) – A Miami-Dade Police officer and another person were taken to the hospital after, officials said, they were involved in a three-car crash in Southwest Miami-Dade, Tuesday night.The crash happened near Southwest 137th Avenue and 56th Street.The officer and one other person were taken to the hospital. Both are expected to be OK.Copyright 2019 Sunbeam Television Corp. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
District Court Judge Kirsten Swanson presides over her first case in December 2016. Swanson and other Alaska judges started using new pretrial risk scores this month. (Photo by Matt Miller/KTOO)Alaska’s criminal justice system is scaling back the use of cash bail for many awaiting trials.Listen nowAnd the state has created an entirely new Pretrial Enforcement Division. Sixty officers are responsible for monitoring defendants’ compliance with their conditions of release.Judge Kirsten Swanson presided over a routine hearing Tuesday in Juneau District Court. She said many of the same things she would say before Jan. 1.But there was a moment that revealed a new wrinkle, when public defender Deborah Macaulay asked Swanson what Macaulay’s “score” was.The score is supposed to indicate how likely Macaulay’s client is to face new criminal arrests if she’s released before her trial.It’s a 10-point scale. Macaulay’s client had a score of 5, which means low risk.Under the new system, most people with low scores will be released without needing to pay cash bail.Whether a defendant stays in jail will depend less on how much money they have.Macaulay asked for no cash bail for her client, but Swanson disagreed. She set bail at $1,000, all cash, because of the level of the charge.Then Swanson told the defendant to stay out of trouble if she posted bail.“You need to keep in contact with your attorney,” Swanson said. “Don’t violate any laws. And you need to keep in contact with the pretrial enforcement division officer.”That officer is another new feature of the system that went into effect Jan. 1.Before, defendants out on bail were monitored by third parties, like family members, which could be unfair to people with no one to turn to.Now, pretrial officers check to see if defendants are complying with the conditions of their release.State Pretrial Enforcement Division Director Jeri Fox described how that works on Talk of Alaska on Tuesday.“We have officers going to homes, knocking on doors, and making sure that if someone, for example, has a no-alcohol condition, that they don’t come and answer the door with a beer in their hand,” she said. “And if they do, they’ll be going to jail.”And they could help connect defendants with services like alcohol or drug treatment to reduce the risk of new offenses.Susanne DiPietro worked with the Alaska Criminal Justice Commission, which recommended the new pretrial system.“In the past there has not been a systematic way to monitor high-risk individuals, or higher-risk individuals, who may have been able to pay bail and be released before the disposition of their case,” she said. “This is expected to be a pretty important public safety benefit.”The new system is expected to reduce the number of people in jail, although state officials don’t have an estimate.Stanford University assistant professor Sharad Goel has studied similar pretrial systems in other states. He said the sets of rules – or algorithms – used to determine the risk scores have a strong track record.“An algorithm is almost always going to beat the human at saying, ‘What is the likelihood that this person will show up at their trial date if released? What is the likelihood that this person will commit a violent crime if released?’” he said. “Then there are always the hard questions of, ‘Well, what do you do? What does it mean to be high risk? If someone has a 10 percent chance of not showing up at the trial, does that mean that they’re high risk? Does that mean that you detain them?’”Alaska’s risk score for new criminal arrests is based on six pieces of information drawn from public records, including the total number of arrests in the past five years. Goel said it’s good that Alaska’s system is simple, but he said the system risks reinforcing racial bias.“If you’re a minority and you engage in drug use, you’re more likely to be arrested than if you’re white,” he said.State officials said they studied the effect of risk scores on different racial groups. They concluded it wouldn’t hurt minorities.Fox also said it’s a tool that’s open to improvement.“What we’ve got to do in the future is to re-validate that and to make sure that indeed we are not seeing disparities between race or gender in how the tool actually performs,” she said.Officials emphasize that they’ll review the system in six months to make sure it’s working the way it’s supposed to.KTOO’s Matt Miller contributed to this report.
Hyderabad: The NIMS Resident Doctors Association elected a new body for 2019-20. All the posts were unanimously elected. Dr G Srinivas was elected as President, Dr Shravan as Vice-president, Dr Aravind as General Secretary and Dr Jay Singh Arora and Dr Saba as the conveners. 423 Resident Doctors studying in NIMS elected the 33-members executive body. The newly appointed President Dr G Srinivas said they would strive for quality medical education and academics at NIMS and also work to protect the interest of Resident Doctors.
Shoppers throng at the groceries in Kawran Bazar on Friday, the eve of Eid. Photo: Abdus SalamPeople have been thronging at the grocery stores in different markets of the capital, doing their last moment shopping ahead of Eid.Krishi Market at Mohammadpur on Friday was teeming with people buying essentials for Eid to be celebrated on Saturday.Buyers lined up at the grocers, with the shopkeepers keeping up with demands of the buyers.Salesman Omar Faruk said, “Yesterday wasn’t so busy. Today I opened my shop at 8:00am and will continue till midnight”.He said there was a demand for spices, fine rice, semai (vermicelli), and noodles.Laccha semai is being sold at Tk 150 a kg and plain semai at Tk 60 a kg. Polau rice is being sold at Tk 95 to 110 a kg.Buying ingredients for the Eid delicacy semai, at Karwan Bazar in the capital. Photo: Abdus SalamList in hand, Saima Begum arrived at the market. “I have to entertain guests on the day after Eid and will cook a number of dishes.” Saima Begum said.Mohamamd Sabuj, a shopkeeper at Mohammadpur Town Hall, said the sale of spices, including cumin, cardamom and black pepper, had gone up.Buyers alleged that the sellers at Karwan Bazar, Mohammadpur Krishi Market and Town Hall market, had raised the prices. A hundred gram of cumin is being sold at Tk 50 while 100 gram cardamom is being sold between Tk 150 and Tk 180. The sellers, however, claimed that prices had not increased.*This report has been rewritten in English by Rabiul Islam.
Marjorie Kamys Cotera for The Texas TribuneGov. Greg Abbott lays out items for a special session at a press conference on June 6, 2017.Gov. Greg Abbott issued a declaration for a special session of the Texas Legislature Monday, formally inviting lawmakers back to Austin to pass “sunset legislation” that will keep several key state agencies open.The long-awaited procedural move allows lawmakers to begin filing bills for the special session set to begin on July 18. In addition to the formal declaration, Abbott also released a draft version of 19 additional items he plans to add to the special session agenda later on. Last month, Abbott announced that lawmakers would consider 20 total legislative items during the special session.Lawmakers’ failure to pass “sunset” legislation during this year’s 140-day regular session forced Abbott to call the special session. Absent that measure, government agencies including the Texas Medical Board, which licenses doctors across the state, will have to shut down.“With today’s proclamation, and with bill authors already lined up for all special session items, I look forward to working with the House and Senate to finish the people’s business,” Abbott said in a statement.During the special session, lawmakers will return to several controversial issues that deeply divided the state’s Republican leadership, including a so-called “bathroom bill” that seeks to restrict which bathrooms transgender Texans can use. In his unofficial supplemental call, Abbott described that issue as “legislation regarding the use of multi-occupancy showers, locker rooms, restrooms, and changing rooms.”Abbott also wants legislators to take on school finance reform, school choice for special needs students and several local control measures.Secretary of the Senate Patsy Spaw said her office received a copy of the proclamation around 11:00 a.m., which she forwarded to senators to alert them that they could begin filing bills. A physical copy of the proclamation was also delivered to senators’ offices in the Capitol building. No senate bills have yet been filed for the special session.Meanwhile the House, which has had an e-filing system in place for years, received over two dozen bills before 1:00 p.m.Robert Haney, the House chief clerk, said the first bill filed Monday, House Bill 41 from state Rep. Mike Schofield, R-Katy, was received at 11:42 a.m. The bill aims to change how the state calculates the constitutional spending limit, which restricts how much the budget can grow from one biennium to the next. Share
Photo: Houston Airport SystemHobby Airport is becoming one of the fastest growing airports in the United States thanks to its international terminal.Hobby Airport is becoming one of the fastest growing airports in the United States thanks to its international terminal.According to data compiled by the Houston Airport System, 145,000 passengers, combining travelers who arrived and departed from the city’s second airport, passed through Hobby in 2015.That year, the international terminal was only operational for a few months because it was opened in October.In 2016, the number of incoming and outgoing passengers that used Hobby grew to 800,000.The Houston Airport System has also compiled the data covering from January to November of 2017. In that 11 month period, Hobby also saw almost 800,000 travelers.Bill Begley, a spokesman for the Houston Airport System says the considerable investment in the city’s second airport is paying off.“It was a 256 million expansion at Hobby that included not just the new concourse, but also improvements to the roadways, to infrastructure,” noted Begley.Currently, Southwest Airlines is the only carrier flying internationally at Hobby, with routes that connect Houston to Mexico, Latin America and the Caribbean.Clifford Winston, who studies transportation for the Brookings Institution, says the Dallas-based airline has been a crucial factor because “what we are seeing at Hobby is the same kind of things that we’ve been seeing when Southwest expands.”The Houston Airport System says it is open to other airlines joining Hobby’s international terminal in the future. Share
The Washington D.C. Chapter of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA-DC) held a Reporters’ Roundtable May 17 to discuss current immigration issues relating to youth in the United States. While immigration reform and the needs of first-generation immigrant youth often focus on Latinos, the roundtable revealed that sub-Saharan Africans tend to have the most difficulties assimilating into U.S. culture.According to the New Americans Integration Institute, out of all immigrant groups, sub-Saharan Africans find it particularly frustrating to move into the American workforce, despite being well qualified and highly educated, largely due to cultural and racial barriers. “If you’re a nurse or a doctor, there are so many federal and state requirements that you have to fill that become very, very complicated and time-consuming, and foreign degrees in general are often less valued than U.S. degrees,” said Jeff Gross, director of the New Americans Integration Institute at the Massachusetts Immigrant and Refugee Advocacy Coalition.The result, as families like the Tureys, living in Southeast D.C. find, are children whose parents have advanced degrees, but who are unable to lift them out of poverty and forced to live and work in substandard conditions. “My husband has a master’s degree in mathematics and doctorate in engineering, but because his degrees were earned in Ethiopia, there is much paperwork and red tape to get through so he drives a taxi,” Mariama Turey told the AFRO. “The money is so poor with the Uber competition and people riding bicycles that we cannot afford to live like the professional-class people that we are.” Many foreign degrees require additional training before being accepted in the U.S.Turey’s four children, all born in the U.S., want what other U.S. children have, including cell phones and fashionable clothes. And while her husband would prefer she remain at home and not work, Turey said meeting the needs of the children and living above the poverty line require she braid hair in her spare time.“It is not a good situation for me at all because the laws are changing and I fear I will be forced to get a license to do something we consider to be a cultural service,” Turey said. “It makes you wonder if the system is not designed to keep you poor and begging when you cannot even scratch out a living without someone wanting to tax that as well.”But as Gross pointed out, assimilation or “Americanizing” oneself, remains the key to getting into the American professional job market. “If you don’t come to a job interview and approach it with an American attitude, an American style, and an American résumé, that credentialing document won’t do you much good,” Gross said.Still, for those like Turey, who wanted a bit of a hustle with hair braiding, the restrictions were found to be even worse. Licensing has spread inexorably through the U.S. labor market, often due to horror stories of people being harmed by the actions of someone without the necessary training, with occupational licensure, according to Forbes magazine, damaging the upward mobility of poor people and doing little to protect the public. And while challenged in court, new cases arise almost daily.In Tennessee, for instance, Pritchard v. Board of Cosmetology, the plaintiff Tammy Pritchard, was told she had to earn 300 hours of classroom instruction in order to wash hair in an African braiding salon. “These laws represent a hostile, anti-immigration work policy that makes it futile for hardworking citizens to gain full access to the American dream,” George Washington University foreign policy grad student, John Marshall told the AFRO. “When you acknowledge that in the 1950s roughly 5 percent of workers needed permission from federal, state, or local authorities to practice their occupation, these expensive licenses do a lot to keep Africans from earning money.”African immigrants from Nigeria, Ethiopia, Egypt, Ghana, and Kenya account for nearly half of the foreign-born African population in the U.S in 2013 and overwhelmingly settle in the South (38 percent) or the Northeast (27 percent) most often in New York, Maryland, D.C., and New Jersey.
The collaborative team, led by Jianwei Miao and Changyong Song from the University of California at Los Angeles, also includes researchers from the Australian Synchotron, and Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois. The ultimate resolution of the x-ray images, the scientists say, is limited only by the x-ray wavelengths, and can in principle reach the near-atomic level (the diameter of an average atom is around 0.1 nanometers). The study is published in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters.“This is one of the highest resolutions obtained for x-ray microscopy,” Miao told PhysOrg.com. “It not only provides high-resolution images but also elemental specificity. For example, atomic spectroscopy only provides spectra, but not images.”The imaging technique is called resonant x-ray diffraction microscopy, and this is the first demonstration of using the technique to image buried structures (such as dopants within host elements) at such a high resolution. Resonant x-ray diffraction microscopy is different than most imaging techniques because the microscope doesn’t have a lens. By avoiding the use of a lens, the method also avoids the limitations of lenses, such as a limited depth of focus that limits the thickness of the sample under investigation.Instead of a lens, the microscope consists of a 10-micrometer-diameter pinhole that selects the most spatially coherent part of the x-ray beam, which provides the “strongest” wavelength. The x-ray beam first takes images of two x-ray diffraction patterns of a sample: one pattern just above the sample’s absorption edge, and one just below. (The absorption edge, or band edge, occurs when incident photons obtain enough energy [binding energy] to excite the atom’s electrons and produce a photoelectron.)Then, the researchers determined the difference between the two diffraction patterns to obtain the spatial distribution of the element. Knowing the spatial distribution enabled the researchers to determine not only the surface structure, but also the index of refraction of the sample, which can be used to determine its molecular contents. The researchers demonstrated the technique by mapping out bismuth (Bi) dopants that are broadly dispersed and buried inside silicon (Si) atoms. In other studies, researchers have used Bi dopants to control and manipulate the physical properties of materials in order to design advanced, highly functional materials, such as in semiconductors. Because the microscope’s CCD camera recorded thousands of diffraction patterns, the researchers developed an evolutionary algorithm to pick out the images with the best characteristics to pass on to succeeding generations and create a final spatial distribution. When analyzing the map of the Bi dopants, the researchers found that Bi atoms, which are three times larger than Si atoms, sometimes form clusters that can influence atomic growth. Insights like this may help scientists better understand the 3D self-assembly of nanostructures.“The resonant x-ray diffraction microscope can be adapted to perform electronic orbital as well as chemical state specific imaging of a broad range of systems,” said Miao. “These include magnetic materials, semiconductors, organic materials, bio-minerals, and biological specimens.”More information: Song, Changyoung, Bergstrom, Raymond, Ramunno-Johnson, Damien, Jiang, Huaidong, Paterson, David, Jonge, Martin D., McNulty, Ian, Lee, Jooyoung, Wang, Kang L., and Miao, Jianwei. “Nanoscale Imaging of Buried Structures with Elemental Specificity Using Resonant X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy.” Physical Review Letters 100, 025504 (2008).Copyright 2008 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Explore further The resonant x-ray diffraction microscope takes two diffraction patterns, above and below the element’s absorption edge. The patterns are phased to obtain high-resolution images, and the difference of the two images represents the spatial distribution of the element. Image credit: Changyoung Song, et al. Researchers have recently built an x-ray microscope that has a pixel resolution of just 15 nanometers, allowing scientists to study the properties of materials at the molecular scale and beyond. Citation: Microscope Sees with Nanoscale Resolution (2008, January 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-01-microscope-nanoscale-resolution.html Breakthrough With Ultra-Fast Xrays This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.