Police warned weeks ago of attack on Amarnath pilgrims, says ‘top secret’ memo

first_imgAs the government on Tuesday blamed separatists for gunning down seven Amarnath pilgrims and wounding 19 more in Kashmir before fleeing into the night, rebel groups in the disputed region condemned the deadly attack on civilians and insisted they had no part in it. An intelligence report that was circulated to Jammu & Kashmir police, military and paramilitary units two weeks ago indicates security officials had been expecting an attack. The intelligence report, marked “top secret,” warned that a “sensational attack by terrorist outfits cannot be ruled out” in the region. The memo, dated June 25, and verified as authentic by The Associated Press, said, “terrorists have been directed to eliminate 100 to 150 pilgrims and about 100 police.” It described circumstances eerily similar to what transpired on Monday night- “The attack may be in the form of standoff fire on yatra convoy, which they (militants) believe will result in flaring of communal tensions throughout the nation.” Also Read  Police were searching for the assailants, who they said were from the Pakistan-based rebel group Lashkar-e-Taiba. “We’re investigating the attack, but we know certainly that the Lashkar has done it. We’ll soon deal with them,” police Inspector General Muneer Ahmed Khan said. Lashkar-e-Taiba denied any involvement in the attack, which they called “reprehensible” and “un-Islamic,” according to a statement sent to local media in Srinagar. “No Kashmiri has ever targeted any pilgrims, and this barbarity and atrocity is the trademark of Indian forces,” the group’s statement said. Omar Abdullah, former Chief Minister of Kashmir, asked the Home Ministry to protect Kashmiri students and workers across the nation. “Possibility of backlash can’t be ignored,” he said in a Twitter message. Most of the pilgrims wounded in the attack were released from hospitals on Tuesday. The bodies of those killed were flown to New Delhi on their way to Gujarat and Maharashtra. The attack sparked outrage across Kashmir and other states. In the Jammu region, hundreds of protesters shouted angry slogans against the militants and burned a faceless effigy meant to represent both terrorism and Pakistan. Many shops and businesses were shut for a protest strike in Jammu. Meanwhile, students in Ahmadabad gathered for a sit-in protest against all religious violence, while peace activists planned a candlelight vigil in New Delhi on Tuesday night. Kashmiri separatist leaders condemn terror attack on Amarnath pilgrims Amarnath Yatra attack: Narendra Modi says India will never be bogged down by evil designs of hate  Police said the attack began with gunmen unleashing a hail of bullets on an armoured police vehicle and, soon after, on a nearby police patrol. They said that a bus carrying 60 pilgrims had been passing through the area when the patrolling police and militants were exchanging fire, and that some bullets struck the bus and its passengers. The police also said that the bus had been travelling at night, despite instructions to avoid the roads after dark. Though security had been increased along the route for the pilgrimage, thousands of deployed soldiers and police do not patrol overnight. Several bus passengers who were wounded gave a different version of events, saying the bus had been targeted from three directions during the attack. They said the driver kept driving the bus as it was being struck with bullets near Anantnag . The annual summer pilgrimage to the Amarnath cave shrine, which began on June 29 under heavy security, has been targeted in the past. On Tuesday, thousands of pilgrims continued the pilgrimage undeterred, as soldiers and police increased security along the Himalayan route for buses carrying pilgrims to the base camps where they start walking the path to the high mountain cave. None of the rebel groups in the region have claimed responsibility for the attack, and the three top separatist leaders in Kashmir condemned it. They demanded an independent investigation into the attack. “This incident goes against the very grain of Kashmiri ethos,” the separatist leaders Syed Ali Geelani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and Mohammed Yasin Malik said in a joint statement. Also Readlast_img read more

US faces greater challenges this time around at World Cup

first_imgDon’t miss out on the latest news and information. Two-day strike in Bicol fails to cripple transport Forward Christen Press said it’s this unity on and off the field that makes the United States a formidable team. “The World Cup is precious to us and we want to have all our focus there,” she said.Alex Morgan will lead the attack, flanked by Megan Rapinoe and Tobin Heath. Morgan, who broke out at the 2012 Olympics and is playing in her third World Cup, scored 18 goals in 19 games last year and was the team’s Player of the Year for 2018.A focus will no doubt be Alyssa Naeher, who has the daunting task of replacing Hope Solo in goal. Solo won the Golden Glove in Canada as the tournament’s best goalkeeper, allowing just three goals. But she was ultimately dismissed from the team following the 2016 Olympics.Naeher is known for her calm demeanor.“I’ve kind of found over the years that it’s best to just keep that even mindset, not too high and not too low,” she said. “There’s obviously a lot of defensive strategies and changes leading into a game, and within a game. The more that I can kind of just stay in the moment and kind of take it all in, the better position I’ll put myself in.”ADVERTISEMENT Helping Naeher will be a backline that includes veterans Becky Sauerbrunn and Kelley O’Hara, both playing in their third World Cup.In the Brazil Games, Sweden bunkered on defense and went on to advance to the semifinals, handing the U.S. its earliest exit in Olympic competition. Solo famously called the Swedes “cowards” for the tactic.But that game could provide something of a blueprint for how to beat the United States. Sweden was coached at the time by former U.S. coach Pia Sundhage, who knew the Americans well.Sundhage has since moved on, but the U.S. will again face Sweden in the final game of the group stage. Ellis joked before the draw in December that she fully expected to be grouped with Sweden — so of course it happened. It is the sixth time the two teams have been in the same group. Also in Group F are Thailand and Chile, which is making its World Cup debut.“I think that the emphasis is not to overload or add, it’s more about trusting what we’ve done and going in there and now just being able to focus on what’s exactly in front of us in terms of games,” Ellis said. “I think that sometimes coaches go to a playoff round or go into the postseason and suddenly what do you want to do — more and more and more — and I think the complete opposite actually.”The U.S. will open the tournament against Thailand in Reims on June 11. Sweden, ranked No. 9, will face the U.S. on June 20 in Le Havre — the final group match for both. The U.S. and the Swedes are expected to advance to the knockout round.The United States has won the World Cup three times since the women’s event was launched in 1991, more than any other national team. Japan defeated the U.S. in an emotional final in 2011 that came as that nation was still reeling from a devastating earthquake and tsunami.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next United States women’s national soccer team members, from left, Carli Lloyd, Alex Morgan and Megan Rapinoe speak to reporters during a news conference in New York, Friday, May 24, 2019. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig)The U.S. women’s national team is well aware the rest of the world is catching up.Long dominant on the international stage, the No. 1-ranked Americans are heading to France for the Women’s World Cup with any number of teams potentially in position to topple the defending champions.ADVERTISEMENT Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Among the challengers are host France, upstart England, the surprise third-place finisher at the 2015 World Cup in Canada, and even the Canadians themselves, who would love to get an upper hand in a longstanding rivalry with their North American neighbors.“I do not think that the U.S. is as strong as they have always been, the same with Germany, while not underestimating teams like Italy and Spain that may be inferior,” said Sweden midfielder Kosovar Asllani. “We will of course do everything to be at the top. It is open for any national team, really.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsJill Ellis is leading the U.S. team into her second World Cup as coach. She selected a roster that emphasized experience, but the lineup will look vastly different from four years ago. Stalwarts Abby Wambach and Lauren Holiday have retired, and Carli Lloyd — who scored a hat trick in the title game in Canada — has moved into a “super sub” role off the bench.The U.S. women are focused on winning on the field in France even while at home they are looking for a different victory. Known for championing women’s rights and equality, the players collectively filed a lawsuit alleging discrimination by the U.S. Soccer Federation and seeking pay equitable with that of players on the men’s national team. Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew ‘Rebel attack’ no cause for concern-PNP, AFPcenter_img Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess MOST READ Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles02:50Philippines reaffirms commitment to United Nations02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Warriors know this is something special, uncertainty ahead LATEST STORIES PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war Catholic schools seek legislated pay hike, too View commentslast_img read more

Cruz Azul moving game because of earthquakes

first_imgLiga MX Cruz Azul moving Tuesday home game after earthquakes Jon Arnold Click here to see more stories from this author @ArnoldcommaJon 05:50 24/9/2017 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) Edgar Mendez Cruz Azul Rocio Vazquez Liga MX Cruz Azul Pachuca v Cruz Azul Pachuca Liga MX matches are set to resume during the week, but La Maquina are seeking an alternate venue after not being allowed to play at Estadio Azul Cruz Azul is looking for an alternate location for Tuesday’s Liga MX match against Pachuca after Mexico City officials informed the club it could not play at its usual home venue, Estadio Azul.All matches scheduled for this weekend were postponed after Tuesday’s 7.1 magnitude earthquake in the state of Puebla resulted in dozens of collapsed buildings in the capital with quake-related deaths now above 300. Saturday morning brought more shaking in Mexico City, with a 6.1 magnitude quake taking place in Oaxaca setting off alarms and waking residents of the capital whose nerves already have been frayed after a stressful week.League action is set to resume midweek, but Cruz Azul announced Saturday it will not be able to play in its normal home. “Due to the earthquake and today’s earthquake alert, (Mexico City) is not allowing us to play Tuesday, September 26 in the Azul. The club will look for another site.”  Editors’ Picks ‘I’m getting better’ – Can Man Utd flop Fred save his Old Trafford career? Why Barcelona god Messi will never be worshipped in the same way in Argentina Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Debido al sismo y #AlertaSismica de hoy, la #CDMX no permitió jugar el próximo martes 26 de Septiembre en el Azul. Se buscará otra sede.— CRUZ AZUL FC ® (@Cruz_Azul_FC) September 23, 2017 Opened in 1946, the Azul is the oldest stadium in Liga MX. Cruz Azul announced plans to leave the Estadio Azul on a permanent basis and is currently seeking a site where it can build. Like most of the stadiums in Mexico, it was used as a drop-off site for aid items with players and coach Paco Jemez jumping into action to help collect and organize donations.El DT del @Cruz_Azul_FC “Paco Jemez” en La Plaza México apoyando y solidarizándose con el pueblo mexicano. pic.twitter.com/lwr2KYiO1V— La Plaza Mexico (@LaPlazaMexico) September 20, 2017No other first-division matches are scheduled for Mexico City during the week, while Puebla’s home contest against Atlas at the Estadio Cuauhtemoc is expected to go ahead without postponement.last_img read more

13 hours agoWolves complete stunning away comeback over Slovan Bratislava

first_imgWolves complete stunning away comeback over Slovan Bratislavaby Freddie Taylor13 hours agoSend to a friendShare the loveWolves manager Nuno Espirito Santo says his team are out to enjoy the Europa League after clinching their second group stage win on Thursday. The Premier League collected a courageous away victory over Slovan Bratislava, winning the match 2-1.Andraz Sporar’s deflected shot opened the scoring for the hosts after 11 minutes.But two goals in five minutes in the second half from Roman Saiss and Raul Jimenez sealed a memorable victory for Wolves, with Diogo Jota’s late red-card the only blemish on the evening.Nuno told BT Sport: “It was tough like we knew it would be. First half was difficult, we didn’t perform very well, second half was much better. They had one shot on target and that’s something we’ve got to improve, we can’t concede this goal.”Adama [Traore] helped a lot with his width and helping to unbalance them. With one man less it was about defending, we were brave and we managed to take what we wanted from the game. The Wolves fans here can go home happy.”Our aim is to enjoy this competition. You have to remember where we came from. It’s about enjoying it and seeing what happens at the end of it.”The young people were shouting, I didn’t expect that from them. It was so noisy and it gave Slovan an advantage and really helped them. It was better having them in the ground though, it’s more enjoyable.” About the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

DRAKE SHARES TATTOO OF ABBEY ROAD COVER AFTER BREAKING THE BEATLES CHART

first_imgHe now holds 35 songs in the upper echelons of the chart, compared to the Beatles’ 34.Drake has long maintained a one-sided rivalry with the iconic British band. After shattering their record of 12 hit singles in a year in 2018, Drake jumped on Meek Mill’s track Going Bad to proclaim that he’s “got more slaps than The Beatles.”But Drake is also making waves on the Billboard 200 album chart where his new compilation Care Package notched his ninth No. 1 album..@Drake now has 203 career #Hot100-charting hits, the only solo artist in history to reach the milestone.— Billboard Charts (@billboardcharts) August 12, 2019David Friend ~ The Canadian Press Advertisement Twitter Drake is putting himself ahead of The Beatles after recently shattering another of the Fab Four’s chart records.The Toronto rapper posted a photograph on his Instagram Monday that appears to show a new tattoo on his forearm — an illustration of the British band crossing Abbey Road while Drake stands at the front of the line, waving at them.His ink reveal comes after Drake passed The Beatles for the most charted songs in the Top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100 in June. Login/Register With: Advertisementcenter_img Drake is putting himself ahead of the Beatles after recently shattering another of the Fab Four’s chart records. (Richard Shotwell/Invision/The Associated Press) Facebook Advertisement LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment last_img read more

Twitter toughens abuse rules – and now has to enforce them

first_imgNEW YORK, N.Y. – Twitter is enacting new policies around hate, abuse and advertisements, but having rules is only half the battle — the easy half.The bigger problem is enforcement, and there the company has had some high-profile bungles recently. That includes its much-criticized suspension of actress Rose McGowan while she was speaking out against Harvey Weinstein, and the company’s ban, later reversed , of an ad from a Republican Senate candidate that mentioned the “the sale of baby body parts.”Such twists and turns suggest that Twitter doesn’t always communicate the intent of its rules to the people enforcing them. In McGowan’s case, her suspension resulted from a straightforward application of Twitter privacy rules to a tweet that broadcast a private phone number. But the moderators who enforced the rules didn’t seem to take into account McGowan’s central role in speaking out against allegations of abuse by Harvey Weinstein. A widespread outcry followed, and the company reinstated her.Twitter has users “coming from lots of different parts of the world with different kinds of context,” said Emma Llanso, director of the Center for Democracy & Technology’s Free Expression Project. “And it’s probably impossible to have just one set of rules that works all the time. There will definitely be mistakes.”The company said it will “be clearer about these policies and decisions in the future.”EARNINGS RESULTSOn Thursday, Twitter reported a third-quarter loss of $21 million, or 3 cents per share. Excluding one-time items, the company earned 10 cents per share in the latest quarter.The results exceeded Wall Street expectations. The average estimate of 12 analysts surveyed by Zacks Investment Research was for earnings of 6 cents per share.The company posted revenue of $589.6 million in the period, down 4 per cent from a year earlier but in line with forecasts.Twitter had 330 million monthly users, up 1 per cent from the second quarter. But Twitter also disclosed that it has mistakenly overstated monthly user numbers by as much as 2 million since 2014. The company said it’s because it counted users of a third party app when it shouldn’t have.CLEARER APPEALSTo make things more clear, Twitter will give users suspected of abuse more information after they appeal a suspension verdict. Appeals themselves aren’t new, but now the company says it will provide “detailed descriptions” of rule violations as part of the process.The company said last week that it will also email users when they are suspected of account violations, and next month will post details about the different factors it weighs when enforcing its rules.Since mistakes will happen, Twitter needs “clear channels” so users can signal when something has gone awry, Llanso said. “If you don’t have a really robust appeals process, then you only have half of a process.”Of course, some things are unlikely to change. Despite calls by liberal activists to ban Donald Trump from its service, Twitter is highly unlikely to do so , whether or not the president follows its rules against harassment.Grey AREASThis week, Twitter also unveiled new rules governing advertisements, especially political paid messages that have come under scrutiny during investigations into alleged Russian interference with the U.S. presidential election. The rules require election-related ads by and about candidates to disclose who is paying for them and how they are targeted.Other advertisers will also have to provide more information, including how long ads have been running and information for users who are being targeted. But the stricter policy, which includes requiring the organization funding the ads to disclose its identity, along with how much money it is spending on each ad campaign, only applies to so-called “electioneering” ads This is a clearly defined category that includes only those ads that refer to a candidate or a party associated with a candidate for an elected office.Twitter says it’s still working on a policy for “issue-based ads,” those often divisive messages on hot-button social issues such as immigration and race relations. Russian agents reportedly used many such ads on social media in an apparent attempt to exacerbate social divisions ahead of the election last year.Neither Twitter’s new policies nor the “Honest Ads” bill introduced last week addresses election meddling efforts outside of advertisements. Twitter, Facebook, Google and others are also dealing with spam and fake accounts that spread fake news and propaganda.And rules didn’t appear to stop outside actors from attempting to influence the U.S. election. It’s already against the law for a foreign entity to purchase election ads in the U.S., either directly or indirectly.AUTOMATED, COMPLICATEDIt’s one thing to enforce advertising rules in a print newspaper or a TV station, where real humans can vet each ad before it is printed or aired.It’s a whole other thing in an online ecosystem, where automated, self-serve advertising platforms allow millions of advertisers — basically anyone with a credit card and internet access — to place an ad.“It’s a complex environment with a very low barrier to entry,” said Chris Olson, CEO of the Media Trust, a provider of online advertising analytics and security. That makes even identifying the buyers of ads challenging, as the system currently relies largely on self-disclosure for identifications. While many advertisers will do just that, Olson said, bad actors will not.last_img read more

Court appoints receiver for ReidBuilt Homes as Alberta faces housing glut

first_imgCALGARY – One of Alberta’s largest home builders has been placed in receivership by an Edmonton court.Alvarez & Marsal Canada says in a posting on its website that it was named Thursday as receiver for insolvent ReidBuilt Homes and several subsidiaries by the Court of Queen’s Bench of Alberta.The company’s failure comes as Alberta recovers from an oil price-induced slump that led to concerns about “imbalances around overbuilding,” according to Richard Cho, principal of market analysis for Calgary at Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corp.CMHC statistics show the inventory of built but not occupied new housing units reached a record high of 4,397 last March. Cho said they fell to 4,039 in September as the Alberta economy gradually improved over the summer.Documents filed in court by Royal Bank show that ReidBuilt owes more than $64 million and Emilie Reid, wife of founder Art Reid, who died in 2009, owes the bank $2 million. The company did not respond to a request for comment.Last month, Postmedia reported the company was attempting to sell its Calgary division, and had stopped construction on dozens of houses. Several media outlets reported that some contractors had not been paid.last_img read more

First Nation leader pitches sustainability to pipeline investors

first_img“Billions of dollars of shareholder value would have been saved if Kinder Morgan had done a better job of anticipating, assessing and mitigating the sustainability risks to its business,” Lindsley said.In 2016, Ottawa approved plans to triple the capacity of the existing Trans Mountain pipeline between Edmonton and Burnaby, B.C. But the $7.4-billion project has faced significant opposition and legal challenges from environmentalists, First Nations and B.C.’s NDP government.Kinder Morgan suspended all non-essential spending on the expansion earlier this year, saying ongoing opposition in B.C. and the threat of legal delays was making investors wary of proceeding with the project. The company set May 31 as the deadline for the federal and provincial governments to reach an agreement that would allow the expansion to go ahead.Wilson said the fact shareholders voted for the sustainability report proposal shows they want the company to be more socially and environmentally responsible, but that won’t stop opposition to the Trans Mountain expansion because it threatens Indigenous culture, spirituality, identity and way of life. “That means fundamentally more to us than anything that they could offer us,” she said. “This means that there will be further delay and risk and uncertainty for the overall project. And we wanted to carry that message to the shareholders today.”As the general meeting took place, protests against the expansion project continued in Burnaby, with opponents blocking access to the company’s marine terminal on land and in the water.About 200 people have been arrested since the middle of March while protesting outside Kinder Morgan’s facilities in Burnaby, the RCMP have said.(THE CANADIAN PRESS) HOUSTON, TX –  Kinder Morgan’s shareholders have asked the company for more disclosure on its sustainability after a presentation Wednesday by a First Nations chief from British Columbia.Neskonlith Chief Judy Wilson said she told the company’s annual general meeting in Houston that environmental, social and governance issues can pose significant risks to business and without proper disclosure, shareholders won’t know if they are vulnerable.Wilson said she also explained the legal risks if Kinder Morgan proceeds with its Trans Mountain pipeline expansion on Indigenous land without consent from First Nations.center_img “We do not believe the risks of the project have been accurately evaluated nor fully disclosed and we wanted to point that out to the shareholders,” she told a news conference after the meeting.Wilson put forward a resolution proposing that shareholders ask Kinder Morgan to issue an annual sustainability report describing the company’s analysis of short- and long-term risks, along with plans for mitigating them.Another resolution from a U.S. asset management company proposed that Kinder Morgan create a report looking at how commitments various countries have made under the Paris climate change agreement will affect the pipeline builder’s portfolio in the long term.A Kinder Morgan spokesman said both resolutions passed, but neither is binding. Executive chairman Rich Kinder said in a statement the board will “carefully consider the proposals and the information contained in the supporting statements in determining what actions to take with respect to them.”Because the resolutions are non-binding, shareholders should follow up to show the company that they’re watching and expect their wishes to be expressed, said Lisa Lindsley with advocacy group SumOfUs.Kinder Morgan could have foreseen issues with its Trans Mountain pipeline expansion if the company had previously committed to putting out sustainability reports, she added.last_img read more

Ohio State baseball downs Eastern Michigan 81

Redshirt-junior 1st baseman and pitcher Josh Dezse (left) tags the runner during a game against Eastern Michigan April 8 at Bill Davis Stadium. OSU won, 8-1.Credit: James Grega Jr. / Lantern reporterOne of the most important things a team has to do to succeed is win the games they are supposed to win.The Ohio State baseball team has done that all season long, and Tuesday was no exception in its game against Eastern Michigan.OSU (19-13, 2-7) won its ninth straight non-conference game against EMU (10-19, 1-8) defeating the Eagles, 8-1. While the win was good for the team, coach Greg Beals said after two straight weekend sweeps losing against Indiana and Nebraska, he would still like to see his team play at a higher level.“I told the guys afterwards that I don’t think we played a whole lot better than we played over the weekend, we got more hits but you’re playing a Tuesday mid-week game, you’re going to get more hits than against a weekend rotation pitcher,” Beals said.The Buckeyes’ starting pitcher freshman Zach Farmer threw 7.0 innings, only allowing two hits and one run and tallying three strikeouts. The win gives Farmer a team-best fifth win of the season.“I just settled down and threw what I knew I had, I went through my mechanics slowly and I just threw fastballs in there for strikes,” Farmer said. “Everything was really on point today.”Although Farmer’s game isn’t perfect, Beals said he is pleased with the progression of his young pitcher.“He’s one of the best left-handed pitchers in the state of Ohio and that’s why we brought him here and we were fortunate to get him here,” Beals said. “He continues to develop, he still needs to work on controlling the running game, he still needs to work on just being a little more efficient, but other than that his stuff is dominating.”A leadoff triple by redshirt-sophomore utility infielder Nick Sergakis initiated a massive third inning to get the Buckeyes’ offense going. OSU produced five runs in the inning, including an RBI single by junior outfielder Pat Porter to score Sergakis.The offense did not let up in the next inning, scoring two more in the fourth after a two-run RBI single to right-field by redshirt-sophomore infielder Ryan Leffel, bringing the score to 7-1 in OSU’s favor.Porter, who had an impressive diving catch in right field in the ninth inning to accompany his three hits and one RBI at the plate, said he felt good about his performance against EMU.“I’m starting to finally get comfortable, I felt real comfortable tonight I just have to keep grinding it out,” Porter said. “My swings felt good all year, really it’s just seeing the ball up, taking advantage of mistakes and I did that really well tonight.”Beals said  Porter’s effort showed – diving for the ball is exactly what he wants to see from each of his players.“I don’t care how many hits he got, I’ll take that catch in the ninth innings of a seven-run game because that tells me how he’s playing, that tells me where he’s at— he’s locked in and he’s playing the game,” Beals said.After Leffel’s single, both teams’ bats got quiet – neither team would post a run until sophomore first baseman Zach Ratcliff hit an RBI single to give the Buckeyes their final run of the night.Freshman pitcher Curtiss Irving entered the game in relief of Farmer in the eighth, throwing two scoreless innings with one hit and three strikeouts.The Buckeyes are scheduled to return to action Wednesday at 6:35 p.m. against Dayton at Bill Davis Stadium. read more

Football Ohio State looks for answers against USC quarterback Sam Darnold

Ohio State defensive coordinator Greg Schiano speaks to the media on Dec. 27 prior to the 2017 Cotton Bowl in Dallas, Texas. Credit: Jack Westerheide | Photo EditorDALLAS — In April, should he decide to forgo his final year of eligibility, USC quarterback Sam Darnold will likely be selected at the top of the first round of the 2018 NFL Draft.But before one of the top quarterbacks in the nation likely turns his attention to professional football, he first will face a formidable Ohio State defense Friday at AT&T Stadium in the Cotton Bowl.Ohio State might present the biggest test Darnold will face all season. The Buckeyes have allowed the 20th-fewest passing yards per game and seventh-fewest passing yards per attempt. This matchup also could wind up being the Buckeyes’ toughest challenge since Week 2, when they hosted the 2017 Heisman Trophy winner, Oklahoma quarterback Baker Mayfield.The Sooners’ signal-caller went 27-for-35 for 386 passing yards and three touchdowns. And if the Buckeyes are to have more success against Darnold, Ohio State defensive coordinator Greg Schiano believes the defense will need to simplify its game and not try to do too much against the Trojans.“When you’re playing an elite level quarterback or an elite level running back, and this is going to sound coach-speak, but 11 guys have to do their job,” Schiano said Wednesday. “When you look back at that Oklahoma game, some players tried to do too much and did more than their job and then what happened is when you do more than your job, you don’t end up doing your job.”The idea seems easy enough, but Ohio State senior defensive end Jalyn Holmes said keeping everything simple against talented players and teams is not always simple.Knowing the caliber of the team, players will often take an opportunity to try for a sack or make a play on the ball and open a gap in coverage, something Holmes said he has fallen victim to frequently in his career. This, he said, was particularly an issue for the team in its 31-16 loss to Oklahoma.And given the similarities between Darnold and Mayfield, there is room for concern that the defense could have another lapse and find itself on the wrong end of another blowout.Oklahoma quarterback Baker Mayfield evades Buckeye defenders in the Oklahoma- Ohio State game on Sep. 9. Credit: Jack Westerheide | Photo EditorWhile neither are considered true dual-threat quarterbacks, both have the mobility to escape the pocket and make plays outside when needed. Mayfield is more prone to designed runs, and thus has 310 rushing yards on 85 carries, 210 more yards and 21 more carries than Darnold. Both have five rushing touchdowns.Darnold is less of a threat to run, but his mobility and comfort outside of the pocket allow him to complete passes while on the move. “I think being able to kind of play and move off of my instincts has really been one of my strengths in terms of playing quarterback,” Darnold said. “I think, obviously, there’s a lot to learn from when you look at sometimes how my feet can get out of whack a little bit and I can be throwing a little sideways. But I think throwing on the run is one of my really good strengths.”Sophomore defensive end Nick Bosa said while both are elusive, Mayfield chooses to do it more out of comfort whereas Darnold will stay in the pocket if possible. That comfort in the pocket and ability to do damage with his arm without having to move is what helps Darnold separate himself from Mayfield — and is why he is considered the better NFL prospect. “Some of the throws he makes are just kind of ridiculous,” Bosa said. “Across the field, how fast he throws the ball, you can see why people are impressed with him.”In order to stop Darnold from tearing the Buckeyes apart through the air like Mayfield did, Ohio State will have to swiftly break through the Trojans’ offensive line while also containing Darnold.USC’s line will often move side-to-side to try and provide challenges for opposing defensive lines, Bosa said. Buthe said the defense has been preparing for that, and added the Buckeyes should still be able to find the holes and get to Darnold.“Just staying in your rush lane, even if a slide comes to you and you want to take that inside move or whatever it is, just staying disciplined to where you’re rushing and sometimes sacks will fall right into you if you just stay where you’re supposed to be,” Bosa said. Both Bosa and Darnold expressed excitement in the looming matchup. With a defensive line Darnold said is entirely comprised of future NFL players and a quarterback who will likely hear his name called early in the upcoming draft, both sides are eager for the chance to prove one is better than the other.Bosa, in particular, is excited for the first chance to break the line of scrimmage.“You always want to hit a high-drafted quarterback,” he said. read more

Benitez not happy with the worsening performance

first_imgRafael Benitez admitted that he was very surprised and upset after his side’s performance in a shocking 1-0 loss to West Bromwich Albion and he didn’t see that coming after the last great performances.The Magpies managed to avoid the relegation by making an impressive run of great results but this game was not the best one for them as they were beaten by last-placed West Brom after a bad performance.The Spaniard spoke about his side’s effort as he said, according to Chronicle Live:“Everything we did in the last few games, we didn’t do.”Jose Mourinho is sold on Lampard succeeding at Chelsea Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – September 14, 2019 Jose Mourinho wanted to give his two cents on Frank Lampard’s odds as the new Chelsea FC manager, he thinks he will succeed.There really…“We wanted to get more points to finish higher in the table, but we didn’t do well today, we made a lot of mistakes, and we weren’t good enough.”“We didn’t think the job was done, but it’s a pity because we’ve had a good season, but we want to finish better, too.”“I congratulate the players for a good season, but we need to be better than today.”last_img read more

Salah posts injury update

first_imgMohamed Salah has taken to social media to update fans with some positive news on his injury ahead of the World CupThe 25-year-old was forced to leave the pitch within just half an hour of Liverpool’s Champions League final after his tangle with Ramos had caused a shoulder problem to arise with the Reds later struggling in his absence as Real Madrid sealed a 3-1 win.Since then, over half a million people have signed a petition urging the UEFA to punish Ramos over the incident.Salah is a potential doubt for Russia this summer with both Liverpool and Egypt confirming that his recovery from injury could make around three weeks.The Pharaohs’ first game against Uruguay on June 15 will mark their first appearance in football’s biggest stage in nearly three decades.Mohamed Salah, Sadio Mane, LiverpoolMo Salah laughs off Sadio Mane incident with a brilliant video Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Mohamed Salah laughed off his little spat with Liverpool team-mate Sadio Mane by posting a brilliant video showing they’ve made up.But Salah is staying positive on his progress and appears to be confident that he will be available for Egypt’s World Cup opener.“Good feelings,” Salah wrote alongside a photograph of him carrying out a stretching exercise on his damaged left shoulder.Good feelings… pic.twitter.com/Jhyd2kYVKI— Mohamed Salah (@MoSalah) June 3, 2018last_img read more

Thanks to Ronaldo Serie A matches will arrive to a TV

first_imgThe Italian football league has made a deal with a U.S. TV channel to broadcast its matches in AmericaCristiano Ronaldo’s signing with Juventus was not only good for the team.The Italian club has sold out on all CR7 shirts for the 2018-2019 season thanks to the Portuguese superstar.But now, his contract with the Bianconeri has proved to be useful for the Italian Serie A.On an article published by The World Soccer Talk, it was announced that ESPN will broadcast the Serie A matches in the U.S. in a multi-year deal.Franck Ribery, FiorentinaFiorentina owner: “Ribery played better than Ronaldo!” Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Fiorentina owner Rocco Commisso was left gushing over Franck Ribery’s performance against Juventus, which he rates above that of even Cristiano Ronaldo’s.“We are extremely satisfied with the agreement, which testifies the growing importance and the international recognition of our league,” said Gaetano Miccichè, Serie A President.“This agreement, together with those recently concluded, shows the value of both Serie A TIM and its champions, which will be appreciated by more than 90 million soccer fans and enthusiasts in the U.S. in the next years.”ESPN cuts a deal for rights to Italy’s Serie A. The streaming service ESPN+ will carry 9 matches live per week from August through May; ESPN or ESPN3 will carry a Match of the Week.— John Ourand (@Ourand_SBJ) August 7, 2018last_img read more

Nikola Vlasics agent slams Marco Silva

first_imgTo Vlasic’s dad and agent, his client should be playing in Everton because the team needs him in the midfield and not in CSKA MoscowNikola Vlasic was bought by English Premier League side Everton in 2017.While there, the Croatian only appeared on 12 occasions.And that’s when coach Marco Silva decided to loan him and since this summer he’s been with CSKA Moscow in the Russian Premier League.He has played in five matches, scoring one goal.And he’s been playing really well for the team, including a good UEFA Champions League match.Roberto Firmino, LiverpoolVirgil van Dijk praises Roberto Firmino after Liverpool’s win Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Virgil van Dijk hailed team-mate Roberto Firmino after coming off the bench to inspire Liverpool to a 3-1 comeback win against Newcastle United.According to Vlasic’s agent and father, Marco Silva was wrong when he sent him on loan.“Marco Silva is under enormous pressure because he gave Nikola away on loan,” he told Club Call.“Many fans and journalists believe Everton have big problems in midfield, and Nikola is the player they need.”“Vlasic told Silva before leaving he considered himself the best midfielder in the team. The manager made a big mistake,” he added.“Nikola might stay at CSKA next season, but it’s too early to talk about it.”last_img read more

Louis Saha hopes Solskjaer influence Paul Pogba positively

first_imgFormer Newcastle forward Louis Saha hopes Solskjaer can be a positive influence on French international Paul Pogba.🔥🔥🔥🔥🔥@ManUtd #mufc pic.twitter.com/vEb5ErlNPG— Paul Pogba (@paulpogba) December 22, 2018Given Solskjaer’s selfless nature as a player and a coach, Saha confirms such humility will aid communication with Pogba.Harry Maguire, Manchester UnitedLiverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.“Ole has a lot of humility and it can help in their communication,” Saha said as quoted in FourFourTwo“He will put his ego aside as ‘boss’ and he’ll tell himself that today the team goes first.“It is what Ole does. He’s always done it. He made great sacrifices for his team-mates. He’s made the difference for his team-mates and his coach. That’s Ole. He will give that [to the team].“That’s a message he’ll give gradually to all the players. They need to get their confidence back. They almost need some paternal communication.“A misplaced pride in a great club constantly under the scrutiny of everyone. Whatever will happen, there they’ll talk about it because it’s one of the most followed clubs in the world. “last_img read more

Tata Global Beverages may sell its China operations

first_imgTata Global Beverages on Wednesday said it might sell its loss-making China subsidiary. The company’s Chinese subsidiary, called Zhejiang Tata Tea Extraction Company, reported a net loss of Rs. 15 crore in the previous financial year.  “For China, we are exploring different options, which could be restructuring or a sale,” Cyrus Mistry, the Tata Group Chairman, said at Tata Global Beverage’s (TGB) annual shareholder meeting in Kolkata on Wednesday.The Indian non-alcoholic beverage company holds 81 percent in Zhejiang Tata Tea Extraction (ZTTECL). According to TGBL’s balance sheet, the Chinese subsidiary reported losses of over Rs. 100 crore in the financial year that ended on Dec. 31 Dec, 2015.”We continue to have those challenges and will take a call on the business there in the coming year. It is significantly a B2B business over there. It is not a consumer business. That’s not the reason that business is getting impacted. The reason is more from a productive prospective,” Mistry added. Various options have been considered for “restructuring” the Chinese business. The joint venture recorded liabilities of Rs. 115.54 crore and loss after tax was pegged at Rs. 15.34 crore as of December 31, 2015, according to TGBL’s annual report. “Delays continue in stabilisation of the China business. While prospective customers have shown interest in our instant tea products, the final conversion to orders will be dependent on meeting the product profile requirements. Going forward, stabilising the production process and establishing a pipeline of external customers and successful scaling of technology will be key to the success of the project,” the annual report said.The joint venture between Zhejiang Tata Tea Extraction and TGBL was inked in 2007. TGBL holds 70 percent stake while ZTTECL holds the rest. The TGBL stock was trading at Rs. 141.75 at around 2.31 p.m. on Thursday, up 1 percent from its previous close on the Bombay Stock Exchange.last_img read more

Bomb recovery in BSMMU worries BNP about Khaledas life

first_imgBNP senior joint secretary general Ruhul Kabir Rizvi. Prothom Alo File PhotoBangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) has voiced deep concern over the life and security of its chairperson Khaleda Zia as a bomb-like object was reportedly recovered from the administrative building of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) on Thursday, reports UNB.Speaking at a press conference at BNP’s Naya Paltan central office, BNP senior joint secretary general Ruhul Kabir Rizvi on Friday demanded adequate security for their chairperson at the BSMMU where she has been receiving treatment since 1 April last.”How did a petrol bomb end up at the BSMMU amid tight security? We’re deeply worried over the life and security of our leader (Khaleda),” he said.The BNP leader said people suspect that such kind of incident cannot happen without either patronage of government high levels or a blue print of it.According to media reports, a crude bomb-like object was found in front of the registrar’s room at BSMMU administrative building on Thursday.Rizvi said the incident of the bomb recovery from BSMMU has stunned the country’s people since a three-time prime minister has been undergoing treatment at the hospital.He accused the government of making efforts to eliminate its political opposition through ‘destroying democracy’.Rizvi also said the government has kept their chairperson in jail unlawfully and deprived her of justice.He also demanded that the government ensure proper treatment of their chairperson.BNP leader also criticised the government over the demolition of the heritage building — ‘Jahajbari’ — in old Dhaka by ruling party men. “The incident has manifested that Awami League has turned into a grabbers’ party.”last_img read more

Special Education Advocates Worry Abbotts School Safety Plan Will Accelerate SchoolToPrison Pipeline

first_img Share Harris County Sheriff’s OfficeDeputies from the Harris County Sheriff’s Office on the scene of Santa Fe High School, where a shooting occurred in May.Joanne Tunchez’s 15-year-old son forgot to take his ADHD medication one Friday morning in late March. By the end of the day, he had been removed from his South Texas school and arrested for allegedly making a bomb threat in his culinary class.When his teacher asked him to take off his backpack that morning, he told her, “It’s not like it’s going to blow up,” according to Tunchez’s later conversations with students who witnessed the incident. Tunchez said the school failed to thoroughly investigate the matter before removing him, violating federally mandated procedures for removing a student with a disability.As a recent spate of school shootings has provoked nationwide panic, some advocates and parents, like Tunchez, are worried school and state officials’ response to the May massacre at Santa Fe High School could harm some students more than it protects them.Criminal charges have since been dropped for Tunchez’s son, who has ADHD and anxiety, but he missed more than two weeks of school, spent a couple of days in juvenile detention and failed the state standardized English test required for him to graduate.“I understand they were not going to tolerate kids making a terroristic threat. But they assumed it was a terroristic threat, when it was not a threat at all,” Tunchez said. “Because they didn’t listen to what we were trying to say, he still has to suffer a consequence for something he didn’t do.”The state government’s response to the heightened fear of school shootings has stemmed from a 40-point list of school safety recommendations released May 30 by Gov. Greg Abbott, compiled after three days of roundtable discussions with teachers, law enforcement, mass shooting survivors and advocates on both sides of the debate over guns.Those recommendations have added fuel to a longstanding debate over how schools should balance classroom safety with the rights of vulnerable students.Advocates for less-punitive disciplinary policies argue the governor’s plan is too focused on “zero-tolerance” discipline and would increase the likelihood that students of color and students with disabilities are kicked out of school and shuttled into the justice system. They fear education policy will swing back toward punitive discipline as educators and lawmakers grasp for immediate solutions to head off violence next school year.“The Legislature has worked to undo some of the harmful discipline policies in practice now. The big fear is what we’re seeing is a push to go backward … and going backward would harm very specific groups of people,” said Lauren Rose, director of youth justice policy at Texans Care for Children.Disproportionate punishmentFollowing a national trend, Texas students with disabilities as well as black and Hispanic students are already disproportionately suspended or expelled for misconduct, often removed from school and placed in disciplinary alternative education programs where they are temporarily educated separately from their peers. Past state audits of these programs have shown their limited success in educating kids, increasing the students’ likelihood of dropping out once or before they return to their regular campuses.Abbott’s plan includes recommendations to make it easier for teachers to remove students they suspect of violence from their classrooms by adding stalking, cruelty to animals and possession of weapons on school property to the list of offenses that could trigger removal. It also recommends creating systems to address the root causes of students’ misbehavior, including any mental health needs, once they are removed from classrooms.“What’s really concerning is having the state expand any sort of offenses and put a stamp of approval on using [disciplinary programs] as a response to student behavior,” said Morgan Craven, a staff attorney at nonprofit advocacy group Texas Appleseed. She agreed students who misbehave should receive extra counseling and support — but well before they are suspended or expelled. “Zero tolerance doesn’t ask any questions or get to what the issues are. It just says, ‘We’re going to push you away,’” she said.Abbott’s plan also indicates that school districts should follow existing specialized behavior management plans for students in special education who act out because of their disabilities, instead of moving to suspend or expel them, through protections laid out in federal law.Despite the existing federal protections, students with disabilities are overrepresented in disciplinary alternative education programs. In 2016, they made up 16 percent of the programs but just 8.8 percent of the student population.Already, education lawyers are noting more cases where students are removed from school for allegedly making terroristic threats, one of a long list of behaviors that can trigger placement in a disciplinary program.“We’ve seen that students with behavioral and emotional disorders, who have disabilities in those areas, have been the target of those disciplinary removals,” said Hank Bostwick, a lawyer at Texas RioGrande Legal Aid who manages special education cases. “When the child has a disability, that substantially impairs the student’s capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of his or her actions.”Teachers dividedClassroom teachers are more divided on the issue of punitive student discipline, with some arguing that they need more tools to be able to ensure students who put them and other students at risk are not simply left without consequences or help.“We don’t want students being unnecessarily removed from classrooms. … On the other hand, we don’t want teachers’ hands so tied that they can’t exercise an option allowed in the law to address persistent misbehavior,” said Paige Williams, staff attorney and director of legislation for the Texas Classroom Teachers Association.In 1995, in response to a federal mandate, Texas passed the Safe Schools Act, which required all school districts to provide separate educational settings for students who are suspended or otherwise removed from regular classrooms due to bad behavior. A couple of decades later, with educators leaning on classroom removals and the criminal justice system to deal with classroom management, lawmakers passed a series of laws rolling back zero-tolerance discipline policies and requiring school leaders to consider alternatives to expelling or suspending students.Last year, the Legislature banned out-of-school suspensions for students younger than third grade.With the turn in policy, many teachers are concerned that they are losing their authority over classroom management and that administrators are not taking seriously their concerns over daily acts of student violence, Williams said. “We were hearing a lot of complaints from teachers who were sending students for behavior issues to the principal and there being no consequences once they got to an administrator,” she said. Teachers responding to an informal TCTA survey said lack of administrative support in student discipline issues was a key factor in their decisions to leave the profession, a data point cited in Abbott’s plan.Williams said she has heard from many teachers who were scared for their own safety due to students making perceived terroristic threats, but who had not been taken seriously by administrators or law enforcement.“We need a holistic approach,” she said. “It’s hard for me as a representative of teachers to say when someone threatens them that they shouldn’t take it seriously and shouldn’t do what they need to do to feel safe in their classrooms.”State efforts so farState Sen. John Whitmire, a Houston Democrat, authored a 2015 law that in part requires districts to establish “campus behavior coordinators,” who could be the principal or another school administrator, to determine how best to discipline a student sent to the principal’s office — which would help ensure teachers’ concerns were taken seriously and that students were treated fairly.But more than 150 school districts have exempted themselves from that requirement through a separate 2015 law intended to give districts more flexibility in following state regulations, according to a TCTA count this spring.Some of those schools have instead installed their own behavior and discipline management plans, Whitmire told The Texas Tribune this week. “Prior to [my 2015 law], everybody was saying there was no consensus who was in charge,” he said. “Parents didn’t know who to talk to. Teachers didn’t know who was looking out for school discipline.”Police officers placed on campus ended up handling school discipline, giving out tickets to students for minor infractions. Whitmire said he is concerned the current focus on school safety might prompt a reliance on law enforcement.“Now we’re in a period where everyone’s afraid,” he said. “We all have the same goal: school safety. But you’ve got to be very cautious that you don’t create some unintended consequences.”In fact, one of Abbott’s proposals was to station more police officers in schools, and districts are already moving forward with such plans. But Rose echoed Whitmire’s concerns, saying it would increase the likelihood that teachers and administrators rely on the criminal justice system to deal with behavioral issues.Black and Hispanic students are more likely to be arrested, ticketed and referred to juvenile probation than white students, though they are not more likely to misbehave, according to a 2016 report from Texans Care for Children and Texas Appleseed. “Creating new opportunities to remove students from the classroom is creating more opportunity to socially isolate them and putting students on a path away from success,” Rose said.At a state-sponsored roundtable in late May, family members and survivors of recent school shootings pitched Abbott ideas for what would make them feel more safe in their schools, such as stationing more police officers, making it easier to arm teachers and having students report any suspicious behavior.Many details of Abbott’s plan mirrored the proposals from that conversation, half of which was open to the media.Advocates argue any plans to make schools safer should consider the experiences of a broader group of students.“It’s really important to get input from students who have been through these horrible shootings,” Rose said. “To craft policies that create safe and supportive schools, it’s also important to get the perspective of students who have experienced the inappropriate, unintended consequences of zero-tolerance policies and having police in our schools, like students with disabilities and students of color.”Disclosure: The Texas Classroom Teachers Association and Texas Appleseed have been financial supporters of The Texas Tribune, a nonprofit, nonpartisan news organization that is funded in part by donations from members, foundations and corporate sponsors. Financial supporters play no role in the Tribune’s journalism. Find a complete list of them here.last_img read more

Researchers question Apolloera evidence for the Late Heavy Bombardment

first_img Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Application of laser microprobe technology to Apollo samples refines lunar impact history Explore further Citation: Researchers question Apollo-era evidence for the Late Heavy Bombardment (2016, October 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-10-apollo-era-evidence-late-heavy-bombardment.html Late Heavy Bombardment. One interpretation of lunar soil analysis suggests that four billion years ago the inner solar system was a violent place, gravitational perturbations of the orbits of the gas giants initiated a comet shower which in turn deflected many asteroids into the paths of the Earth and Moon. Erosion has removed most of the craters from the Earth but the Moon’s ancient landscape still bears the scars. Credit: Australian National University But these results are controversial—Apollo lunar samples represent only about 4 percent of the lunar surface and could thus have resulted from a single impact event rather than a more widespread bombardment episode. And due to lunar magnetism and overprinting from successive impacts, all of the Apollo-era lunar samples show evidence of 40Ar/39Ar age spectrum disturbances—in other words, the apparent ages of samples could have been “reset” by later impact events.So two researchers from the Department of Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences at the University of California, Los Angeles, recently reanalyzed the age spectra data from the Apollo samples in order to test the uniqueness of their impact histories. To do so, they used a physical model describing 40Ar* diffusive loss that accounted for age resetting of samples by subsequent impacts. The point of this reanalysis wasn’t to confirm or disconfirm the existence of the Late Heavy Bombardment, but rather to determine whether 40Ar/39Ar can even act as evidence for impact spikes. Their results, recently published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, strongly suggest that episodic crust formation occurring more than 4 billion years ago, combined with 40Ar* loss due to a decrease in impact flux can create a bias in age compilations toward the illusion of an impact spike. “Our modeling shows that, due to the nature of declining impact rates and the early but episodic nature of crust formation on extraterrestrial bodies, apparent bombardment episodes can be a common artifact in 40Ar/39Ar plateau age histograms,” the authors write.They note that although the most widely cited evidence in favor of the LHB likely yields unreliable impact histories, their modeling does not preclude the occurrence of such events. However, determining impact histories will rely on future studies incorporating such techniques as in situ 40Ar/39Ar modeling and quantitative thermochronologic modeling. “Until such evidence is gathered,” the authors write, “we conclude that a monotonic decrease in impactor flux explains all existing 40Ar/39Ar data from both lunar and meteoritic samples.”center_img (Phys.org)—Many scientists believe that a cataclysmic series of impact events called the Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB) occurred around 4.1 to 3.9 billion years ago, during which there was a spike in asteroids colliding with the planets of the inner solar system. Among the possible explanations for the LHB is the migration of large planets to the outer solar system, disrupting objects in the asteroid belt and the Kuiper belt and flinging them toward the inner solar system.The Earth is constantly resurfaced by erosion and cratonic growth, and as a result, can’t contribute much geologic data about the existence of the LHB. Much of the evidence is therefore derived from the moon—specifically, from Apollo-era lunar samples returned to Earth in the 1960s and 1970s. Researchers used argon dating to determine age spectra of lunar rocks found in three major lunar basins. The so-called “plateau ages” of these rocks, as determined from 40Ar/39Ar age spectra, suggest a cluster of impacts approximately 3.9 billion years ago. More information: Illusory Late Heavy Bombardments. PNAS (2016). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1611535113AbstractThe Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB), a hypothesized impact spike at ∼3.9 Ga, is one of the major scientific concepts to emerge from Apollo-era lunar exploration. A significant portion of the evidence for the existence of the LHB comes from histograms of 40Ar/39Ar “plateau” ages (i.e., regions selected on the basis of apparent isochroneity). However, due to lunar magmatism and overprinting from subsequent impact events, virtually all Apollo-era samples show evidence for 40Ar/39Ar age spectrum disturbances, leaving open the possibility that partial 40Ar* resetting could bias interpretation of bombardment histories due to plateaus yielding misleadingly young ages. We examine this possibility through a physical model of 40Ar* diffusion in Apollo samples and test the uniqueness of the impact histories obtained by inverting plateau age histograms. Our results show that plateau histograms tend to yield age peaks, even in those cases where the input impact curve did not contain such a spike, in part due to the episodic nature of lunar crust or parent body formation. Restated, monotonically declining impact histories yield apparent age peaks that could be misinterpreted as LHB-type events. We further conclude that the assignment of apparent 40Ar/39Ar plateau ages bears an undesirably high degree of subjectivity. When compounded by inappropriate interpretations of histograms constructed from plateau ages, interpretation of apparent, but illusory, impact spikes is likely. © 2016 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more