Spain are outsiders to win the 2018 World Cup in the eyes of many football fansDiego Costa’s publicly stated aim as he pushed for a switch from Chelsea to Atletico Madrid, was to improve his chances of going to Russia 2018. The switch paid off, as the Brazilian born front man is Spain manager Julen Lopetegui’s number one striker.Diego Costa is Spain’s number one strikerCosta’s problem is he hasn’t worked himself into the physical shape to be an absolute certainty to start for La Roja (Red Fury) despite the lethal approach in front of goal that he has exhibited over the years.Costa’s heavy touch and gangly movement implies Lopetegui could revert to the False Nine or 4-6-0 that saw Spain win Euro 2012 at a canter. Unbeaten since Lopetegui took over, the former champions are World Cup 2018’s cleverest team.The 2010 World Cup winners crave and thrive on control. This comes from populating the midfield with playmakers. Thiago Alcantara, Isco, Sergio Busquets, Koke, David Silva and Andreas Iniesta are likely to be the sextuplet which will start Spain’s crunch Iberian Peninsula derby with Portugal in both teams’ first game at the finals.Following their underwhelming performance at Euro 2016, Lopetegui chosen method of reviving Spain was by keeping the Barcelona core from the 2008-2012 golden era; then adding Real Madrid’s pace, urgency and physicality, and blending it with Atletico Madrid’s steel, which is one hell of a combinations at a glance.Experience counts for so much in tournament settings, and Spain carry bags of it. They are among the three most experienced sides at this year’s tournament along with Mexico and Germany. Sergio Ramos, Gerard Pique, Iniesta, Busquets and Silva were all part of La Roja’s title winning team at South Africa 2010.Sergio Ramos (left) and Gerarld Pique (right) were part of Spain’s World Cup 2010 winning teamFurther to that, in David de Gea, they are blessed to have arguably the world’s premier goal keeper going into the World Cup. Lest you forget, winners of the last three World Cups – Italy 2006 (Gigi Buffon), Spain 2010 (Iker Casillas) and Germany 2014(Manuel Neuer), were blessed to have the world’s top keepers in between their sticks.Standing in front of De Gea will be the World Cup’s top central defensive partnership of Ramos and Pique. They’ve won eight Champions League titles, two European Championships and the World Cup. Journey men strikers will be in awe at the sight of these born winners.David da Gea will be key to Spain’s ambitions in the World CupWith Catalan calls for independence subsiding, past divisions that prevented Spain from winning any international accolades between 1964 and 2008 are also history. If Spain find the motivation, they will definitely cause a splash in Russia.Comments
“We have kept the creationist barbarians from the gate,” announced a professor at Hong Kong University triumphantly. A news article in Science this week described tensions in the city over the teaching of evolution. The Darwinists won a vote over a change in wording in the science curriculum that would have “opened the door to teaching creationism and intelligent design in secondary schools.” The door must be shut tight, apparently. Even the possibility of this happening created a furor. Reporter Richard Stone said, “As a year of honoring Charles Darwin and his theory of evolution draws to a close, scientists in Hong Kong are celebrating a partial victory in what is likely to be an ongoing war against proponents of teaching creationism and intelligent design in secondary schools.” He called the partial victory “bittersweet” because it did not revise the guidelines, nor did it rein in “the few dozen schools in Hong Kong that openly espouse creationism.” Stone said that most schools in Hong Kong, though publicly funded, are run independently – and many are affiliated with churches. The author of the “barbarians” comment, David Dudgeon (faculty board chair at U of HK) complained, “Fundamentalist Christianity percolates through schools, government, and other authorities in Hong Kong, and it informs attitudes towards gays and other social issues.” What homosexuality had to do with this article was not clear. Nonetheless, he and Sun Kwok, the science dean, agitated colleagues to begin “raising a ruckus” over proposed revisions to the science curriculum:Many changes were positive, but one rang alarm bells. The previous guidance suggested, vaguely but reasonably, that teachers “guide students to review the differences between scientific theories and other nonscientific modes of explanation, e.g. religious, metaphysical or philosophical.” The new wording seems to put religious beliefs on an equal footing with evolution: “In addition to Darwin’s theory, students are encouraged to explore other explanations for evolution and the origins of life, to help illustrate the dynamic nature of scientific knowledge.”Presumably this qualifier could be taken to give Darwin’s theory pre-eminence by contrast with other explanations, but the Darwinists were incensed still. In a statement that conflated alternatives to Darwinism with kook theories, Kwok railed against opening the door a crack for “pseudoscience subjects such as intelligent design, astrology, and UFO studies [that] have no place in our science curriculum.” The newspapers “ate it up” Stone said. In addition Kwok and colleagues formed a “Concern Group for Hong Kong Science Education” to pressure the school board to lobby for shutting doors to alternatives to Darwinism. At this point, Stone did give a few lines of favorable press to the other side:But many religious leaders rallied behind the Education Bureau—as did some members of the scientific community. In May, a group of academics and high school teachers called the new guidance “stimulating, balanced, and nonbiased.” Their statement said that “there is a real legitimate scientific controversy over Darwinian Theory. … Alternative explanations to Darwinian macro-evolution should thus be explored so long as they are based on rational and empirical grounds.” One of the signatories, HKU physicist Chris Beling, argues that intelligent design concepts should be taught in addition to Darwinian theory. Intelligent design “may or may not be the answer to present problems in biological origins,” he says, “but if the [HKU] science faculty keeps on shouting that Darwinian theory is the answer and drowning out other voices, it is clearly unhealthy for the progress of science and for the promotion of critical thinking amongst students.”The Education Committee sided with “the Darwinian camp,” Stone said, continuing the battlefield metaphor, after weeks of rancor. Their decision stated, “Creationism and Intelligent Design are not included in the Biology Curriculum framework nor are they considered as an alternative to Darwin’s theory.” For Kwok, that was not sufficient punishment. At the University he and his colleagues are working on foundation courses that “ensure that all students are exposed to the scientific way of thinking.” Hong Kong’s secondary schools may be more resistant to change, Stone reported. He said the Concern Group discovered that “one biology textbook published by Oxford University Press (China) Ltd. and endorsed by the Education Bureau refers to intelligent design ideas and two creationist Web sites.” This was too much for information technologist Virginia Yue, a founder of the Concern Group. She said, “We were shocked and appalled by such shameless religious proselytizing under the guise of science.” They are now mulling their next move.1. Richard Stone, “Science in Society: Hong Kong’s Darwin Defenders Declare Victory in Teaching Fracas,” Science, 23 October 2009: Vol. 326. no. 5952, pp. 510-511, DOI: 10.1126/science.326_510b.If you recall the rancor at the Scopes Trial of 1925, you remember that the Darwinistas (spelling intended) raised a firestorm over the prevention of evolutionary teaching and called for fairness. That was before the slow revolution that brought on the totalitarian dictatorship the Darwin Party holds over science. Now, instead of fairness, they scream and rant and express outrage and shock at any hint of suggestion by fair-minded leaders that students should have a chance to question the Darwin idol. Any dogmatism the creationists in Dayton, Tennessee might have expressed (which has often been exaggerated in popular portrayals contrary to the facts) pales in comparison with the intolerance of these bigots. Employing simplistic definitions of science, with misunderstanding of philosophy and ignorance of religion (particularly Christianity, which seems always the one targeted for rage), they demand total thought control. The Darwin-Only, Darwin-Only (DODO) radicals are satisfied with nothing less than utter domination of anything related to the word science. Their rhetoric is imbued with the discredited science-vs-religion characterization. They portray themselves as the wise, and everyone else as “barbarians.” Watch out for people who behave like this. There’s been a long history of similar tactics among radical groups. Like the democratic socialists, communists or fascists of the 20th century dictatorships, they only preach fairness till by scheming and stealth they steal a majority in the parliament or congress. Then they attack. They rip up the constitution and outlaw their opponents. They master the media for propaganda. They take over the institutions of education, science, law and government. They cannot stand debate, because they cannot stand the truth. It’s; all about power.Exercise: Where else do you see this mentality in society today?(Visited 9 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
The primary purpose of the shot list is to help break down the scene into specific steps which will serve as a blueprint — and safety net — to your day of production. There are hundreds of shot list templates you can download for Microsoft Word and Excel. I find the shot list included in the video below (via Delta Film Academy) to be incredibly detailed and helpful.It goes so far as including the length of the shot on the script page, and the predicted setup time for that shot. It’s ideal for efficiently planning shots. For further reading on the language of the script, I highly recommend the above-mentioned book Script Supervising and Film Continuity by Pat P. Miller. Although the primary purpose of the book is to study the craft of script supervising, it also breaks down a lot of other aspects such as the shooting schedule, how to break down a script, and so on.Do you have any specific shot list templates you always use? Let us know in the comments. There are a few different ways to create a shot list, but what matters most is that you take the time to do it. Here’s one tested method to try next time you break a script down into a shot list.Top image via Delta Film AcademyFilmmaking procedures will often change from production to production, studio to studio, and from region to region. There isn’t just one way to do something or one word to describe that particular function. Regarding shot lists, I’m sure you could find several different ways to create one.In the book Script Supervising and Film Continuity, author Pat P. Miller, explains expertly explains the formal process. Yet even Miller says “You may design any format that serves your purpose, so long as the following information is properly recorded…”Essentially, as long as your production crew is familiar with your format, you’re good to start shooting. First, you need to break down the shots on your script page. In the example piece above, I’m going to breakdown and visualize the information into different shots. As seen below, you do this with a line which is closed off at the top and the bottom top to signify the end of that shot.When you do this in your script, it’s best to use a pencil — if you use a pen and change your mind halfway down the page, your script will get messy. In the marked page above, I have four different lines, each representing a different shot. You may notice that some lines overlap one another, such as shot 2) and shot 2a). This conveys a few things:Shot 2) is longer than shot 2a).Because the length of 2a) is just a single line, all that’s to be filmed is the information ahead of the marking — turning the radio on.In the edit, we would like shot 2a) to play out and then return back to shot 2).There is a common misconception that the first shot in a scene is called by the scene number and then the letter a. For example, 2a). This is incorrect.The first shot of a brand new scene is just the scene number on its own — 2). Every proceeding change (lens change, camera position, frame rate change) after the initial shot is when you add a letter.As a side tip: You can also put a wiggly line next to the character who is speaking but isn’t on camera. This is really more something a script supervisor would do for the editor, but if it’s going to help you distinguish who the camera is on when it comes to typing up your shot list, then use it to your advantage. You need to do this with your entire script. After all that is complete, start to implement this information into a more comprehensive and cleaner shot list.It’s really up to you how involved you want your shot list to be. It’s going to depend on the size of your production and budget level. Below is a basic shot list that I’ve put together from all the information outlined above.